Arab Israeli Conflict Research Paper Topics

Modern World History

Mr. Hanover

Palestinian-Israeli Conflict Essay

Introduction:

The struggle between the Israelis and the Palestinians is one of the most enduring and explosive of all the world's conflicts.  It has its roots in the historic claim to the land which lies between the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan river.  For the Palestinians the last 100 years have brought colonization, expulsion and military occupation, followed by a long and difficult search for self-determination and for coexistence with the nation they hold responsible for their suffering and loss.  For the Jewish people of Israel, the return to the land of their forefathers after centuries of persecution around the world has not brought peace or security. They have faced many crises as their neighbors have sought to wipe their country off the map.  The purpose of this essay is to determine which group is the rightful occupants of the Holy Land.

Question:

  1. What determines land ownership in the case of Israel/Palestine?

  2. Does either group have a right to claim the land?

  3. Why or why not?

Process:

  1. I.Brainstorm

    1. A.Using notes, our text and all handouts, write down all information you can about the different claims to the Holy Land on the sheet provided

    2. B.Done in class 3/11

    3. C.10 points

  2. II.Thesis

    1. A.After examining the different cases, state your opinion on who has the best claim of ownership in the area

    2. B.Done in class 3/11

    3. C.10 points

  3. III.Document Analysis

    1. A.Using the analysis sheets provided, analyze the primary sources pertaining to claims on the Holy Land

    2. B.Due Monday 3/14

    3. C.20 points

  4. IV.Outline

    1. A.Using the outline packet, write an outline for the paper that provides your planned structure for the paper

    2. B.Due Tuesday 3/15

    3. C.20 points

  5. V.First Two Paragraphs

    1. A.Write the Introduction and First Body Paragraph of your paper

    2. B.Due Wednesday 3/16 for Block 2; Thursday 3/17 for Block 1

    3. C.20 points

  6. VI.Rough Draft

    1. A.Write a complete draft of your paper with all elements of the final draft

    2. B.Due Friday 3/18

    3. C.20 points

  7. VII. Peer Editing

    1. A.Using the peer editing sheets provided, edit at least two classmates’ papers

    2. B.Done in class 3/21

    3. C.10 points

  8. VIII. Final Draft

    1. A.Write a final draft that is:

      1. 1.3-5 pages long, typed in Times font, 12-point, double-spaced

    2. B.Due Thursday 3/23 for Bloc 2 and Friday 3/24 for Block1

    3. C.50 points

Modern World History

Mr. Hanover

Arab-Israeli Conflict Essay: Brainstorm and Thesis

Introduction:

We will be writing an essay in which you must state your belief and support that statement. 

Questions:

  1. What determines land ownership in the case of Israel/ Palestine?

  2. Does either group have a right to claim the land?

  3. Why or why not?

Step one: Brainstorming. Fill in BOTH sides of the chart.


Step Two : Writing your thesis.  Take a minute to evaluate your evidence.  Write a thesis which answers the essay question. The easiest way to write a thesis is to use wording from the actual question.

    1. Example thesis:

      1. Land ownership is determined by a people’s ability to gain and maintain control of the land; through that reasoning, the Israelis have a better claim of ownership on the Holy land because of their take over and control of the area.

Write your thesis here:

Modern World History

Mr. Hanover

Palestinian-Israeli Conflict Essay: Document Analysis

Instructions:

Analyze the following documents using the analysis sheets provided. Answer the questions as  thoroughly as possible.  Some questions may not be answered.

The document analysis sheet is linked below:

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/worksheets/written_document_analysis_worksheet.pdf

Documents:

  1. Document A: The Sikes-Picot Agreement

  2. Document B: The Balfour Declaration

  3. Document C: Minutes from the meeting of the Eastern Committee of the British Parliament

  4. Document D: Churchill White Paper, 1922

  5. Document E: British White Paper, 1939

  6. Document F: United Nations Resolution, 1948

  7. Document G: Excerpt from The Lemon Tree, Palestinian Bashir’s visit to his home prior to Israeli independence

  8. Document H: Map of the Partition of Palestine, 1948

  9. Document I: Strangers in the House

  10. Document J:  Statement by Nasser

Document A

The Sykes-Picot Agreement : 1916

It is accordingly understood between the French and British governments:

That France and Great Britain are prepared to recognize and protect an independent Arab states or a confederation of Arab states (a) and (b) marked on the annexed map, under the suzerainty of an Arab chief. That in area (a) France, and in area (b) Great Britain, shall have priority of right of enterprise and local loans. That in area (a) France, and in area (b) Great Britain, shall alone supply advisers or foreign functionaries at the request of the Arab state or confederation of Arab states.

That in the blue area France, and in the red area Great Britain, shall be allowed to establish such direct or indirect administration or control as they desire and as they may think fit to arrange with the Arab state or confederation of Arab states.

That in the brown area there shall be established an international administration, the form of which is to be decided upon after consultation with Russia, and subsequently in consultation with the other allies, and the representatives of the Shereef of Mecca.

The Avalon Project, Yale University

Document B

This Letter, to Lord Rothschild, by the British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour, became known as the "Balfour Declaration". The letter was published a week later in The Times (London) of London.

Foreign Office
November 2nd, 1917
Dear Lord Rothschild:
I have much pleasure in conveying to you. on behalf of His Majesty's
Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet:
His Majesty's Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.

I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge
of the Zionist Federation.

Yours,

Arthur James Balfour

Document  C     Extract fromMinutes of the Meeting of the Eastern Committee of the Cabinet (United Kingdom) of 5 December, 1918, in which Lord Curzon, the Foreign Secretary of the UK and  chairman of the committee, makes the following statement:

The Palestine position is this. If we deal with our commitments, there is first the general pledge to Hussein in October 1915, under which Palestine was included in the areas as to which Great Britain pledged itself that they should be Arab and independent in the future . . . Great Britain and France - Italy subsequently agreeing - committed themselves to an international administration of Palestine in consultation with Russia, who was an ally at that time . . . A new feature was brought into the case in November 1917, when Mr. Balfour, with the authority of the War Cabinet, issued his famous declaration to the Zionists that Palestine 'should be the national home of the Jewish people, but that nothing should be done - and this, of course, was a most important proviso - to prejudice the civil and religious rights of the existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine. Those, as far as I know, are the only actual engagements into which we entered with regard to Palestine.

Document  D    Extract fromthe British White Paper of June 3,1922 [also referred as the Churchill White Paper]:

[…] it is not the case, as has been represented by the Arab Delegation, that during the war His Majesty's Government gave an undertaking that an independent national government should be at once established in Palestine. This representation mainly rests upon a letter dated the 24th October, 1915, from Sir Henry McMahon, then His Majesty's High Commissioner in Egypt, to the Sharif of Mecca, now King Hussein of the Kingdom of the Hejaz. That letter is quoted as conveying the promise to the Sherif of Mecca to recognize and support the independence of the Arabs within the territories proposed by him. But this promise was given subject to a reservation made in the same letter, which excluded from its scope, among other territories, the portions of Syria lying to the west of the District of Damascus. This reservation has always been regarded by His Majesty's Government as covering the vilayet of Beirut and the independent Sanjak of Jerusalem. The whole of Palestine west of the Jordan was thus excluded from Sir. Henry McMahon's pledge.

Document  E     Extract fromthe British White Paper of May 17,1939

His Majesty's Government believe that the framers of the Mandate in which the Balfour Declaration was embodied could not have intended that Palestine should be converted into a Jewish State against the will of the Arab population of the country. [...] His Majesty's Government therefore now declare unequivocally that it is not part of their policy that Palestine should become a Jewish State. They would indeed regard it as contrary to their obligations to the Arabs under the Mandate, as well as to the assurances which have been given to the Arab people in the past, that the Arab population of Palestine should be made the subjects of a Jewish State against their will.

Document F

The resolution recommends that the United Kingdom (as mandatory power for Palestine) evacuate; armed forces should withdraw no later than August 1, 1948; independent Arab and Jewish States and the Special International Regime for the City of Jerusalem administered by the United Nations should come into existence;  the City of Jerusalem should preserve the interests of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim faiths.

UN General Assembly Resolution 181 (II), August, 1948

Document G     Extract fromthe Lemon Tree by journalist Sandy Tolan, Bloomsbury, 2007, p. 207. This excerpt is from a Palestinian, Bashir, who is visiting what was, prior to 1948, his family’s home, and is currently being lived in by a Jewish family.

We were exiled by force of arms.  We were exiled on foot.  We were exiled to take the earth as our bed. And the sky as a cover.  And to be fed from the crums to those among the governments and international organizations who imparted their charity.  We were exiled but we left our souls, our hopes, our childhood in Palestine.  We left our joys and sorrows.  We left them in every corner, and on every grain of sand in Palestine. We left them with each lemon fruit, with each olive.  We left them in the roses and flowers.  We left them in the flowering tree that stands with pride at the entrance of our house in al-Ramla.  We left them in the remains of our fathers and ancestors.  We left them as witnesses and history.  We left them, hoping to return

Document H: United Nations partition of Palestine, 1948


Document I

Arab Palestinians began to leave their homes in cities in December 1947. The number of Arab Palestinians leaving their homes increased to hundreds of thousands by May 1948. During the last week of April in 1948, as the fighting came closer to their home, the Palestinian family in this passage left Jaffa for Ramallah. On May 14, 1948, Israel was established. This new country included the city of Jaffa. Ramallah was in the West Bank that became part of Jordan.

. . I grew up hearing the description of my father’s last visit to Jaffa, and it has left an indelible [permanent] impression on me. My father’s entire holdings were in and around Jaffa, the products of his own hard work. His father had left him nothing. How difficult it must have been to bid all this farewell. The image of my father, his every step echoing in the empty streets of the deserted city, still haunts me. . . .He moved on to the marketplace, empty except for a few shops that had somehow remained open. He walked passed Hinn’s, his barbershop, and found it closed. The courthouse was closed, as were the clinics, the nurseries, the cafés, the cinema. The place was deserted, prepared to be captured. What have we done, he wondered. How could we have all left? . . . Source: Raja Shehadeh,Strangers in the House: Coming of Age in Occupied Palestine,Penguin Books

Document J

Statement by President Nasser to Members of the Egyptian National Assembly. May 29, 1967

Then came the events of 1956-the Suez battle. We all know what happened in 1956. When we rose to demand our rights, Britain, France and Israel opposed us, and we were faced with the tripartite aggression. We resisted, however, and proclaimed that we would fight to the last drop of our blood. God gave us success and God's victory was great…Preparations have already been made. We are now ready to confront Israel. They have claimed many things about the 1956 Suez war, but no one believed them after the secrets of the 1956 collusion were uncovered- that mean collusion in which Israel took part. Now we are ready for the confrontation. We are now ready to deal with the entire Palestine question.

The issue now at hand is not the Gulf of Aqaba, the Straits of Tiran, or the withdrawal of the UNEF, but the rights of the Palestine people. It is the aggression, which took place in Palestine in 1948 with the collaboration of Britain and the United States. It is the expulsion of the Arabs from Palestine, the usurpation of their rights, and the plunder of their property. It is the disavowal of all the UN resolutions in favour of the Palestinian people..

Document K

Excerpts from the Hamas Charter

"After Palestine, the Zionists aspire to expand from the Nile to the Euphrates. When they will have digested the region they overtook, they will aspire to further expansion, and so on. Their plan is embodied in the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion", and their present conduct is the best proof of what we are saying."

"Israel will exist and will continue to exist until Islam will obliterate it, just as it obliterated others before it." (The Martyr, Imam Hassan al-Banna, of blessed memory).

"The Islamic Resistance Movement believes that the land of Palestine is an Islamic Waqf consecrated for future Muslim generations until Judgment Day. It, or any part of it, should not be squandered: it, or any part of it, should not be given up.

Document L

The Bible. Genesis 17: 3-8

Abram fell facedown, and God said to him, 4 “As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. 5 No longer will you be called Abram[a]; your name will be Abraham,[b] for I have made you a father of many nations. 6 I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you. 7 I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 8 The whole land of Canaan, where you now reside as a foreigner, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God.”

Modern World History

Mr. Hanover

Arab-Israeli Conflict Essay: Outline Packet

Writing a paper should not be viewed as a one-step activity.  Rather, it should be a process that involves multiple steps that allow you to organize your thoughts in a way that helps you to write a clear, persuasive, and eloquent essay.

In this class, every time you write a paper, you will be asked to complete either an outline and/or a draft.  Both the outline and the draft will be handed in with the final draft for a grade.  I am not requiring you to do outlines and drafts to make your life miserable but rather to help you become a better writer. 

The structure of the essay is as follows:

Paragraph 1  (Introduction)

  1. The introduction should start broad and get more specific as it progresses. 

  2. The first thing you should do is to introduce the reader to the larger context of the essay.

    1. oThe first 1-2 sentences should contain background information (who, what, when, where, etc.)

    2. oFor example, if you are writing a paper on the Arab-Israeli Conflict, you need to provide some background; when it took place, who was involved, etc.  Do not dive right into the topic of the essay without giving the reader some sense of time and place (context).

  3. After you introduce the topic, you need to make the connection to your specific topic – transition from background information into what you will be writing about.

  1. The last sentence of the paragraph should contain a clear, concise thesis statement.

    1. oWhat is a thesis statement? 

      1. A thesis statement should illustrate an argument that you will prove over the course of the paper.

      2. A thesis statement should always contain brief mention of what the body of the paper will discuss in greater detail (i.e. it should summarize the topic sentences of the 3 body paragraphs.)

      3. If the question asks you to defend a particular point, the thesis statement will state the point as a fact and back it up with brief mention of 3 major reasons why it is true.  These reasons will then be the basis of the body of your paper.

Paragraph 2, 3, and 4  (Body Paragraph #1-3)

  1. Each body paragraph should start with a topic sentence to preview to the reader what the paragraph will discuss.

  1. Each body paragraph should contain three examples to support the specific point being addressed in the paragraph.

    1. oExamples should include quotations, facts, statistics, etc.

    2. oThis is where you will usually include quotations from texts and citations from readings and notes that you have.

  2. The body of your paper should be as specific as possible and should offer as clear and vivid illustrations as possible.

  3. The last sentence should not only bring the paragraph to a conclusion, but it should also serve as a transition into the next body paragraph (i.e. find a connection or relationship between the two paragraphs.)

Paragraph 5  (Conclusion)

  1. The conclusion should summarize the contents of the entire paper and should try and offer some additional insights (intelligent comments or observations) about the topic.

  2. Restate your argument – do not cut and paste the introduction verbatim or try to change one or two of the words from the introduction!

  3. Open the paper up.  It is here that you should try to do one of the following:

    1. oconnect your paper to the larger historical picture

    2. ostate its significance to the time period

    3. orelate it to later events or issues

    4. othink of other questions to ask (related to the topic)


What is the general topic of this essay?

What general information does the reader need about this topic?

(What is the topic being discussed?  What information is needed to give the reader enough background

to understand the topic?)

What will this essay explain and/or argue?

(What is your specific thesis?  Your thesis should contain the topics of your body paragraphs.)


What is the topic of this paragraph?

(What specific point will this paragraph illustrate with three examples?)

What are the three examples that illustrate the specific topic?

(What does each example show?)

[Summarize each example, and indicate citations of where the information is coming from,

including page numbers, etc.]

      1.)

      2.)

      3.)

What “signposts” help structure this paragraph?

(e.g.  First…, Next…, Finally…;  First of all…, In a later passage…, Finally…)

What statement wraps up this topic?

(What conclusion can be drawn from the examples from the examples in this paragraph?)

What phrase serves as a transition into the next paragraph?

(How does the topic of this paragraph connect to the topic of the following paragraph?


What is the topic of this paragraph?

(What specific point will this paragraph illustrate with three examples?)

What are the three examples that illustrate the specific topic?

(What does each example show?)

[Summarize each example, and indicate citations of where the information is coming from,

including page numbers, etc.]

      1.)

      2.)

      3.)

What “signposts” help structure this paragraph?

(e.g.  First…, Next…, Finally…;  First of all…, In a later passage…, Finally…)

What statement wraps up this topic?

(What conclusion can be drawn from the examples from the examples in this paragraph?)

What phrase serves as a transition into the next paragraph?

(How does the topic of this paragraph connect to the topic of the following paragraph?)


What is the topic of this paragraph?

(What specific point will this paragraph illustrate with three examples?)

What are the three examples that illustrate the specific topic?

(What does each example show?)

[Summarize each example, and indicate citations of where the information is coming from,

including page numbers, etc.]

      1.)

      2.)

      3.)

What “signposts” help structure this paragraph?

(e.g.  First…, Next…, Finally…;  First of all…, In a later passage…, Finally…)

What statement wraps up this topic?

(What conclusion can be drawn from the examples from the examples in this paragraph?)

What phrase serves as a transition into the next paragraph?

(How does the topic of this paragraph connect to the topic of the following paragraph?)


What phrase serves as a transition from the body of the paper?

What more can now be said about the ideas expressed in the thesis statement?

(Restate, in new terms, the thesis statement.  Then add further reflections.)

What thought-provoking statement concludes the essay?

(So what?  Why is the topic of this essay important?  How can you broaden the scope of your

discussion?  How does the topic of the essay relate to the larger historical picture?  How does it relate to

later events/issues?)



 Israeli –Palestinian Conflict

 By

Rana Alshami

IUG , Winter , 2014

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Abstract
This research tries to answer three questions according to some points of views. Firstly, what is preventing a just solution for the Israeli – Palestinian Conflict ? Secondly, what does each side believe is the root of the conflict ? Finally, how will facing historical facts be important to solving this conflict ? After collecting data from an interview with the Palestinian and Jewish Politicians, results reveal that both sides have different views about the conflict and both agree on one point that we need a solution and peace which bring us all the rights .

 Introduction 

In this research, the researcher will talk about the conflict between Palestinian people and Israelis. She will discuss the roots of the conflict. To begin with talking about the conflict. The researcher also attempt to analyze the roots and development of this crime in scientific manner.The Palestinians, who are the victims of this crime, have never stopped struggling to defend their homeland and protect their human rights. Both the British occupation Army, until their departure in 1948, and the Zionist terrorist organizations , such as the lrgun and stern gang, used force to drive out hundreds of thousands Palestinians.

The problem of the study
The concern of the research paper is to provide a background of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict and eventually come up with sound solution/s to the said conflict. Specifically, this paper aims to answer some questions in order to give a better understanding about the Arab Israeli Conflict .

Objectives of the study
1. To present a background on the Israeli – Palestinian Conflict.
2. To present possible solutions to the conflict .
3. To explore the roots of the conflict and analyze it based on some concepts .

Questions of the study
This research is going to answer the following questions :
1. What is preventing a just solution for the Israeli –Palestinian conflict ?
2. What does each side believe is the root of the conflict ?
3. How will facing historical facts be important to solving this conflict ?

Definitions of terms
Zionism : its movement aimed at ‘ living in the land of the Jews and return to zion ‘ (www.mideastweb.org/breifhistory.htm). Also, it’s the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine ruled by the Jews.
Self-determination : the concept wherein people of the same culture contents move for their independence and for them to own territory who can enjoy civil and political rights without external control.
Power Urge : the need to stress the rights of the state to exist and the self assertion .
Nationalism : identity of the national state .

Limitation of the study
The study was conducted to look into the issues surrounding the Israel –Palestinian Conflict. The study will discuss the background of the conflict and will dwell on some of theories and concepts that can be applied in understanding the conflict and the concepts will serve as tools for understanding the conflict and the bases for possible solutions to the Israel Palestinian contention .
The aspects being looked into the research are internal and external causes of the state actors involved in the conflict , and the possible solutions for it. Further, the study will only cover the background of the conflict. starting from the situation of Palestine under ottoman rule till the current situation .

Literature Investigation
According to Darwaz, (1981) He said in this topic one of the most important factors that changing the map of Palestine was the creation of the Zionist organization to from to the basis for the future Zionist state. The huge number of the Zionist settlers were situated in a sensitive positions in the British administration of Palestine, while the same time Palestine were kept away of such positions. Also, the Jewish agency developed into, in the words of the various commissions of inquiry, a state within a state . Even Britain refused to discuss giving Palestine independent rule, a constitution, or a legislative council reflecting the numerical strength of the Arab and Jewish populations in the country and all of this because it contradicts the pledge given to the Jews to establish a Jewish national home in Palestine . So the Arabs fear that Palestine might become a Hebrew state and it will become as Israel trying to do that hardly. Darwas mentioned another factor which was preparing the Zionist economy in Palestine in such way as to install the economic foundations of the Israeli state. Thus the British Mandate put the main resources of the country under the control of Zionist companies. The writer talked about the concept of nationalism and self determination can be applied in understanding the growing conflict between the Jews and the Palestinians. The core of the Israel-Palestine contention is rooted on the nationalist movement of both people claiming the same land. Nationalism asserts the right of a nation of people to be served by a state that complements their interests. Nationalism played a major role in the events leading to the Israel – Palestine conflict since both parties ground on the dream of recovering their sacred home land. International Law recognizes the state‘s right to self –determination to ensure its survival. The principle of the right to self-determination can be applied in the continuing Israel-Palestine conflict since both parties claim the establish ment of sovereign stat i.e. Palestine state and a Jewish state on grounds of recovery of ancestral domain.
According to Forer(2010), he said and clarified that the Zionist claim that Arab countries broadcast radio message to encourage the exodus of Palestinians from villages in what is now Israel . Recited before the united nations , this claim was calculated to minimize the world‘s sympathy for the plight of the Palestinian people and to deny them the right to return to homes left behind in the new nation of Israel. Professor Walid Khalidi proved that the claim was a fabrication . His findings were independently corroborated two years later by Irish scholar and U.N. diplomat , Erskine Childers . By examining the archives of Arab governments and newspapers and the report of the CIA , as well as the BBC , which monitored every Arab radio broadcast in 1948 , both men demonstrated that no such encouragement had occurred. To the contrary , he mentioned the Arab broadcast appealed to people not to leave their homes . In addition , Israel has established a national directorate to deal with hasbara . Commonly used to refer to propaganda .
Pragati, (2013) states the history of this age old conflict and analyze the viability of internationally suggested solutions . Owing to their history, going back at least 5000 years in time . He tried to find the bones of contention between the two peoples, clearly laying out the issues and problems along with the need to resolve them .
According to Akram and Lynk, (2013) the writers talk about the factors that made the conflict between Palestinian and Israel . One of those factors, the creation of the state of Israel in 1948 captured the imagination of many western countries as appropriate restitution for the horrors of the Jewish Holocaust in Europe. In the same time , many in the third world saw the rise of the Zionism and the dispossession by they Palestinian as anachronistic example of settler colonialism , arriving on the historical stage just European Colonial empires were exiting . Moreover, the Arabs – Israeli conflict attract the attention of all people around the world .
Hurewits,(1956) said the Zionists claims to an historic title to Palestine was first advanced by the first Zionist organization to the peace conference in Paris in 1991 . The Zionist organization suggested the adoption of a resolution whereby the allied powers would recognize the historic title of the Jewish people to Palestine and the right of the Jews to reconstitute in Palestine their national home .
For Cattan ,(1973) mentioned that the Jewish people in Palestine have lived in the past in harmony with the Arab society . They never agitated for Zionism. The whole agitation has come from outside, from Jews on other parts of the world .He added , a very large number of the Jewish community in Palestine today look with considerable aversion not only upon the Zionist home but upon the Jews who are being introduced into the country from Eastern Europe.
According to Pragati ,(2013) attempted to trace the history of this age old conflict and analyse the viability of internationally suggested solutions. Owing to their history, going back at least 5000 years in time . He tried to find the bones of contention between the two peoples, clearly laying out the issues and problems along with the need to resolve them.

 Methodology

Sample and data collection
She obtained much efforts to search and investigate the roots of the conflict by making interview with one male instructor from our university ” IUG ” who studied it before ( see appendix ). The other is from Brazil. The first instructor is Dr.Hany who got his PHD in political science. The second is Sergio Storch who is Jewish man .

Procedures and analysis
The researcher tried to know the point of view from both sides . The interview contained three open questions discussing the core information she needed in her research. The researcher herself analyzed the answers of the interviewers . In order to make this interview, she saw many who specialized in this field . However, she faced a lot of problems : First, she make it at the end of the semester, So the teachers are usually busy in this time preparing for final exams. Second, most of them giving a general thing about the topic, not accurate . Finally, she found one of them who has some time for the researcher .

Results and Discussions

Regarding to the first question both have different views . Dr.Hany said its not easy to have one reason which Israeli side to make just solution . They have intention to build settlement in Palestine, Israeli position not to give up their intention . They neglecting any chance of peace . its unjust position of IC. Regarding to Sergio, Both people are fearful for not entrusting each other, for historical reasons…
Jews have a 2000-years traumatic history that hasn´t been overcome yet, and their leaders get many more votes in the elections if they resonate with that historical sentiment, so they exploit the fear.
Every time an Arab leader or a Moslem leader such as Iran´s Ahmadinejad or Hamas or Hizbollah says anything that these Jewish leaders can use, the pro-occupation leaders get stronger, and the against-occupation leaders get weaker. So, verbal threats, and any attack against Israelis go in disfavor of Palestinians, because Nettanyahu followers will use them.
Going to the second question , Dr. Hany said Occupation is the main cause of the conflict . They don’t consider the existence in Palestine . Moreover , Israelis believe of their rights in the Palestinian lands as their holy land since ancient times . Also , when they emigrated to Palestine they were violated by their leaders that they have the right in this land . Moving to the Jewish man he said there‘s not only one belief on our side . Zionism isn´t to be seen as the devil. There are so many different zionisms not only one . You Arabs see it as a stereotype, over simplistically. The dominant belief on our side about the root of the conflict is that Arabs showed repeatedly that they don´t accept Israel as a neighbor in the Middle East. when you say that, “it´s our land”, you confirm what the majority of us believe, that we Jews are unwanted in that place. And most of us Jews, if not 99,9%, consider that it´s our land too.
So if you consider it´s your land, and we consider it´s our land, there´s no solution other than one side expelling the other, or then.
Regarding the answers to the final question, Dr. Hani said its well known through the past history that Palestinians are the owners of this land that’s why we have historical facts relate to this issue . Especially if you look at the cities and villages you can find the Palestinian touch in such cities and places . The historical facts make it complicated . They still connected to Kingdom period . They believe this is their land and they have been away for 1000 hundred years. For Muslims its an Islamic land , Muslim state in Palestine , where the first people who lived there about 5 thousand year ago. This based on promise was given by Palestinian nation . For Sergio , he thinks it´ll be necessary to solving the conflict. However, we can start just talking, exactly as we are doing, so that people on both sides get used to listening. Imagine that you get 1 more person on your side to talk with 1 more person on ours.

Summary and suggestion
Israeli- Palestinian conflict was since ages not a new thing . The seeds of the conflict was when the Kingdom gave the land for Israelis and claim its their land. At this paper, the topic took much concentration on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. In this paper, she chose one Palestinian instructor and the other is Brazilian who both have a wide knowledge about the conflict . Regarding to their answers , everyone has some views and beliefs different from the other .
At the end of this paper, the researcher suggest that in order to understand any text or topic which is literary or politically, you should read it critically, and try to analyze it . Even though you read others point of view, you must have your own ideas and opinions. Finally, You must seek the reality and truth not just depending on others views.

Works Cited
Akram, S.M & Lynk, S.M.(2013). The Israeli –Palestinian Conflict and the International Law. BU School of Law. Retrieved from http://www.bu.edu/law/2013.
Cattan, H.(1973). Palestine and the international law. (second edition)
Darwaz,H.(1981).The Palestinian Question : A Breif Analysis, p.40-49.Islamabad.
Forrer,R. (2012) Breakthrough: Transforming fear into compassion – A new Persepective on the Israel- Palestine conflict, P288-296.
Hurewits,J.(1956).Diplomacy in the Near and Middle East, Vol.II , P.45 , Van Nostrand.
Pragati, K.B.(2013). Israel-Palestine Conflict: History and solution . National Law University. Retrieved from http://www.studymood.com/essays/Israel- Palestine-conflict-international-relations-1596155.html.

 Appendix 

Interview‘s questions on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
1. What is preventing a just solution for the Israeli –Palestinian conflict ?
2. What does each side believe is the root of the conflict ?
3. How will facing historical facts be important to solving this conflict ?

 The Researcher :
Rana Alshami
Islamic University-Gaza

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