The conclusion of the essay
The function of the essay's Conclusion is to restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of the argument: that is, it reiterates the most important evidence supporting the argument. Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary as this reduces the impact of the argument you have developed in your essay. The conclusion provides a forum for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your thesis given the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic. Depending on the discipline you are writing in, the concluding paragraph may also contain a reflection on the evidence presented, or on the essay's thesis. The nature of the reflection will depend on your topic (Woodward-Kron, 1997) but questions such as these may be considered:
What is the significance of your findings?
What are the implications of your conclusions for this topic and for the broader field?
Are their any limitations to your approach?
Are there any other factors of relevance that impact upon the topic but fell outside the scope of the essay?
Are their any suggestions you can make in terms of future research?
The conclusion should match the introduction in terms of the ideas presented and the argument put forward. Sometimes you will find that the process of writing has changed what you have argued and so it will be necessary to go back and reword the introduction. Finally, the conclusion is not the place in your essay to introduce new information or new ideas: these should be in the body of your essay.
Essay Question:: Italy on the eve of 1860 has often been described as an unlikely nation. Why?
|Before 1860, only a tiny minority of the population believed that Italy could ever become a unified nation under one Italian ruler. Yet, despite this belief and the many obstacles blocking the path to unificationsuch as differences and suspicion between the many regions of the peninsula, the lack of planning and common goals that saw many uprisings fail and the divergent views and politics amongst the men who fought for unity,the Piedmont region emerged "...as the nucleus around which the rest of Italy could gather" (Mack Smith, 1959: 17). On March 17, 1861, the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed. Italy was no longer a geographical expression, it was a nation.||reference to essay question|
reiteration of thesis point
overview of main arguments explaining the obstacles to Italy's unification
concluding comment and reference to essay question
1 This essay has been adapted from material developed by R. Woodward-Kron, E. Thomson & J. Meek (2000) Academic Writing: a language based guide (CD-ROM), University of Wollongong
© Copyright 2000
Comments and questions should
be directed to Unilearning@uow.edu.au
Composing An Impressive Conclusion For A Critical Analysis Essay
You think you are finally finished. After hours or days of research and writing, you finally reached the end f your essay and now you need to write a conclusion . Your conclusion is the most important part of your whole paper. It ties together all the ideas you brought up. It decides how your readers feel about the time they spent in reading your work. People often remember the last thing they read, so you got to get it just perfect. Here are some points on how to achieve this goal.
- Draw your points together. Help them connect the lines between ideas. Add a new quote or idea as something that will enlighten readers to a deeper aspect of your paper.
- Do not just repeat what you said, clearly state why you said what you said. You want your readers to understand the meanings of the points you focused on. You do not want them to put the paper down wondering why it matters. You know why it matters so make sure your readers do too.
- If you are stuck and really just do not know what to say, think “so what?” Think about what you would say if you were talking to a friend and they were asking you why you wrote that. It will make you find a way to elaborate what you wrote.
You want to completely original. Your paper should reflect you and your ideas. What you do not want to do is have a basic conclusion. Try to leave out typical phrases pointing out that your paper is done. Let your work be drawn to an end naturally. Do not leave your important statements for the end. This is not the time to make new announcements. Do not be overly emotional or try to make the reader emotional. Your conclusion should be clear and precise . You cannot achieve this by throwing in extra points that you could not fit in anywhere else. That will just add confusion about your key points.
As you reread and edit, your article focus on your conclusion . The ability to draw your readers to their own conclusions is the sign of a great writer. Maintain your style of writing, smoothly and effectively, by keeping the tone flowing right to the end. Leave your reader feeling like they understand the topic. Take your time and let your paper conclude on its own is the most impressive way to conclude your essay.