all our energy resources are not as useful and versatile as petroleum and fuel. The vast reservoirs are hidden, deep beneath the earth, fuel is considered the main source of energy in the whole world. When you think of "oil", then you probably think of something that is cooking. It is used and there is something that the machinery is working. But the oil is so much. In its basic form, fuel or petroleum is a dark black liquid, which is pumped from the Earth in the form of petroleum and petrol etc. are used to refine or isolate them. And crude material in the chemical business. Each of these types of oil has countless uses on our roads in our farms and in our factories.Oil, like all natural resources, can only occur in some places. North America, U.S.SR, North America and Saudi Arabia are some of the places where oil(fuel and petroleum) are occurring.
almost 73% of our oil requirement is imported at a very high cost.And with oil becoming more and more difficult to discover all over the world, it is not only very expensive for our country to buy it but is also risky as far as arranging its supplies is concerned.
When we stop the car, we can stop the engine. We should avoid using sharp tilt and "L" type joints in the pipe. The cost of running and running pedals is not a drop of gasoline.
We can avoid fuel:
1. Do not Buy Premium Fuel
2. Make Drivers aware of energy
3. Hope of Traffic Flow
Therefore, we should not waste our natural resources, instead, we should try to preserve it.Our goal should be to reduce logical fuel use every year.we should always reuse, recycle and reduce our natural resources.
can u imagine what will happens to the cars, scooters, tractors, generators and trucks etc if we had no oil??
the world has been using up a lot of oil over the years.
Nation's energy security is at risk!!
will the day come there is no more oil under the earth?
that day probably may not be far away.therefore, what we can do now when we still have this precious thing, is to use it as carefully as we can.
Conservation of Petroleum Products in India!
India is fast becoming a big producer, consumer and importer of petroleum products. The demand for petroleum products is increasing at an alarmingly accelerated rate. At current rate of consumption, our known oil reserves will last only for 30-40 years. This puts heavy strain on our economic resources and calls for an urgent need to conserve petroleum products.
Image Courtesy : aemetis.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/india-fueling.jpg
There is a vast scope of petroleum conservation in India provided there are technological improvements, financial incentives, policy initiatives and legislative measures for implementing conservation. Transport, industry, domestic/ household and agriculture are four major sectors which consume bulk of petroleum.
Awareness programmes for each sector need to be developed and then extensive publicity of the measures which would bring about savings need to be undertaken to bring about the desired results.
The transport sector is one of the largest consumers of petroleum products mainly petrol and high speed diesel. This sector accounts for 50 per cent consumption of petroleum in India. Road transport alone accounts for about 37 per cent of the total oil consumption.
With fast expanding transport network this consumption level is bound to increase. Oil products constitute nearly 80 per cent of total – commercial energy used in transport (other sources being coal and electricity). Therefore, any energy conservation programme in transport sector is bound to strengthen our economy.
This can be done largely by introducing more fuel efficient engines, operation of transport vehicles at optimum speed, improving road conditions and avoiding traffic bottlenecks, especially in urban areas.
These measures can save about 30-35 per cent fuel. Provision of better roads alone can save 10 per cent petroleum. Extension of railway network has led to substantial savings in high speed diesel since a diesel loco is 7-8 times more efficient compared to diesel truck.
It is, therefore, logical to switch all long distance freight movement to rail and confine road transport to short distances. Railways have initiated several measures to achieve high degree of energy conservation. Public transport system should be strengthened so that people are not forced to use private vehicles. This can save a lot of energy.
Industries consume about 16-20 per cent of the total oil products consumed in the country. Several industries have achieved commendable success in energy conservation by better management energy For example iron and steel industry, petrochemicals, cement and paper industry have saved 21, 32, 28 and 25 per cent energy respectively between 1983 and 1995. Similar steps can be taken by other industries for saving oil and other sources of energy.
In agriculture sector, the main petroleum products consumed are high speed diesel and light diesel oil. The consumption of oil in this sector can be reduced by programmes for pump rectification, more efficient foot valves for lift irrigation, better farm machinery, use of agro residues and other noncommercial sources of energy.
As regards use of petroleum for production of fertilizers, new plan s based on liquid oil products should be discouraged and these should be based on use of natural gas or coal as feed-stocks of which the country has plentiful resources.
Kerosene and LPG are two major oil products used in the domestic sector for cooking and lighting in urban and semi-urban areas. Since there are no viable alternatives to these fuels and they are to be extended to the rural areas to check deforestation, it is imperative that their utilisation is earned out at the optimum efficiency level.
The need for conservation of petroleum products has been increasingly felt during the last few years. The Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas is doing a commendable job to promote conservation of petroleum products. The efforts made by this association have made it possible to achieve quantifiable savings of about Rs. 500 crore during 2003-04.