American Changing Essay Family

Essay on Career and Changing Family Roles

829 Words4 Pages

Differences in employment schedules among spouses contribute to the complexity of home life, yet the many dimensions of this important link remain largely undetermined, particularly with regard to primary care giving (PCG) fathers (Frank, 1995). The traditional family is characterized by the division of roles whereby one spouse (husband) is involved primarily in paid work and the other spouse (wife) primarily attends to family work, specifically the activities of household and child care (Pleck, 1983). In the last few decades, a growing number of families were classified as dual-career couples in which both spouses pursued a lifelong career, relatively uninterrupted, and also established a family life that included children (Dancer and…show more content…

For example, within the family, the primary care giving and work roles are associated with the quality and functioning of the family. In reviewing research on maternal employment and social policy, Lerner (1994) concludes "... that maternal behavior toward children is enhanced when the mother is in her preferred role. That role can be homemaking or employment outside the home. The benefits that are associated with maternal role satisfaction are both more optimal child functioning and more optimal parental functioning" (p. 93). Concerning perceptions of marital quality, Lerner (1994) finds that "... expectations and practices surrounding role divisions are more important than either socioeconomic or life cycle variables..." (p. 113). Lerner also finds that the division of labor inside the home is a major factor contributing to perceived quality of marriage by both partners, such that the more that the husband does inside the home the greater the perceived quality of marriage. Given such effects of roles within the family, we might expect that such roles and role congruence will affect perceptions of careers as well. A majority of men and women currently available for work are in their childbearing years, and most will have children during their work careers (Friedman, 1991). Behavioral scientists, corporate leaders, and policy makers have become increasingly interested in the ways in which work and family life

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Essay about The American Family: Then and Now

1176 Words5 Pages

What exactly is a family? Some would say it is a father, mother, and possibly children, but is this an outdated definition? With the world adapting and changing at such a high rate, it proves difficult to create definite boundaries for what constitutes a family. As events that are either detrimental or beneficial to society occur, family lives adapt to better suit the current state. The differences in culture, religion and traditions can offer possible explanations for why families are not the same, locally and globally. Sociological relationships change to fit the people involved in them, so it only makes sense that family groups would differ by location. This paper will discuss the ways that families in America have evolved over time.…show more content…

The mother’s role was to nurture and raise the children. The father was to work and provide for his family. This type of family unit in the middle class relied on the poor, working class individuals. Slavery was prevalent in the southern United States in this period, and the black slave mothers had to work long days and were not able to spend the same time nurturing their children as the free, white women. The middle class were involved in nuclear families. A nuclear family is composed of one or two parents and their children (Macionis 2009: 375). The slaves did not have this luxury. Some children were separated from their parents, and many couples were separated and sold to different families. This caused the family dynamic to be different from that of the nuclear family. A female slave would nurture and take care of many of the children who did not have parents with them. This type of family allowed the slaves to build strong bonds that were not created by blood, but rather by need for compassion and companionship. There was another difference between nineteenth-century families and that of those in the twentieth-century. “Rigid insistence on separate spheres for men and women made male-female relations extremely stilted” (Coontz 2005: 29). The separation of genders caused women to look to other women for intimacy. I do not mean to say physical

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