Civil Services Essay Paper 2012 Ford

The usual instructions- and 5 are compulsory and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each section.
300 marks and 3 hours.

Anthropology Mains 2012 : Paper 1

Section A

  1. 150 words each
    1. How natural selection acts on variation?
    2. Ways of acquiring a spouse in simpler societies
    3. Post-modernism in anthropology
    4. relative dating methods
    5. adaptive radiation in context of evolution
  2. 20 markers
    1. Discuss race Crossing in humans with suitable examples
    2. Distinguish between religion, magic and science
    3. discuss the role of ABO  blood group system in resolving cases of disputed paternity.
  3. 20 markers
    1. compare and contrast the skull of Gorilla and man
    2. discussed the typology and distribution of upper palaeolithic cultures in India
    3. What are the legal and sublethal genes? Explain
  4. sub questions
    1. Describe the types of kinship groups formed on the basis of different principles  20 marks
    2. give a competitive account of the variations in haemoglobin levels and respiratory functions among the populations living under different environmental stresses – 30 marks
    3. commented briefly on the phylogenetic  position of Australopithecines. –  10 marks

Paper I Section B

  1. 12 markers, 150 words each
    1. is family a social institution?
    2. Application of anthropometry in designing
    3. band and tribal societies
    4. Genetic counselling
    5. Epidemiological  anthropology
  2. 20 markers
    1. how does improved aerobic fitness increase  exercise tolerance in warm humid climates? Give suitable examples in support of your answer.
    2. what are the tools of data collection? Discuss the advantages and limitations of participant – observations as a technique of data collection
    3. discuss the chromosomal aberrations and manifestations of Klinefelter and Turner Syndromes
  3. 20 markers
    1. explain any to biological theories of ageing based on purposeful events
    2. what are the basis of social stratification? Discuss with examples
    3. explain the concept of status and role in anthropology
  4. 20 markers
    1. briefly discuss the important causes for the variations in occurrence and intensity of parasitic disease among different populations
    2. what are the genetic effects of Consanguinity ?  give examples
    3. briefly discuss the applications of the knowledge of human osteology in  forensic investigations.

Anthropology Mains Paper 2 :

Section A

  1. 12 markers 150 words each
    1. Sacred geography
    2. Youth Dormitory
    3. Narmada Man
    4. participatory rural appraisal
    5. Palaeolithic Art
  2. 20 markers
    1. traced the trajectory of encyclopaedic works on the tribes and casts of South India with special reference to Anathakrishna Iyer’s contribution
    2. discussed the concept of indigenous people as per the relevant UN Convention. Are the tribals of India indigenous people? Comment
    3. critically examine the relationship between tribal communities and the nation – State on the issues of governance
  3. 30 markers
    1. Examine the relevance of tribal Panchsheel by  Jawahar Lal Nehru in the light of emerging development practices.
    2. using the ethnographic examples, highlight the process of religious conversions in tribal India.
  4. 20 markers
    1. compare the contributions of S C Roy and Verrier Elwin to the tribal ethnographies  in India
    2. using ethnographic examples, went out of how gender relationship changed over time among central Indian tribes.
    3. how has globalisation infected agrarian relations in the last two decades?

Section B

  1. 12 markers, 150 words
    1. colonial ethnograpcommodification of tribal art
    2. Soan cultur
    3. ethnic issues in genetic research
    4. indigenous knowledge
  2. 30 markers
    1. critically examine the prevalence of caste ideology among religious minorities in Indian context
    2. discuss the linkages between language, territoriality and kinship among the tribes of north-east India
  3. 20 markers
    1. critically examine the national policy on rehabilitation and resettlement substantiating it with experiences from different parts of India
    2. compare the salient features and distribution of middle Palaeolithic and upper Palaeolithic cultures in India. And add a note on tools traditions of upper Palaeolithic period.
  4. 20 markers
    1. critically examine the book view and field view of social reality
    2. using examples, comment on how anthropology can be utilised in policy-making
    3. briefly comment on the linkages between (1)  gender and customary law (2)  gender and caste. (10 marks each)

I wrote on Working women issue.
I started with the question, as it was a question put on. I asked fair deal? fair deal from whom? Govt., State, Employers, In-laws, Parental home, husband, children, and lastly from themselves and most importantly from the society as a whole. I cross checked it across the society, since it was about indian working woman, I checked it through those in organized sector, then in agricultural sector, then tribal society, domestic helps. I made a mesh wire with these two approaches. I evaluated both the negative and positive side of work and home management in interrelation and in different contexts as mentioned above. I did wrote the conclusion that our society as a whole, which is patriarchal is never giving the fair deal to the working woman in managing work and home. I did mention the proposal of half a month salary to be given to the woman as spoken in some quarters. Since I made a mesh, I could write a lot. I ended up writing 17 pages. It was difficult not to deviate from the topic i.e. managing work and home, but I tried to relate the mesh with it at every point. I don’t know how much I will get, but last year I attempted Indian cinema topic(again in question form) and wrote 18 pages and got 108 marks.

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