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Match fixing is when the outcome of a match in organized sports has been manipulated. The reason for fixing a match includes ensuring a certain team advances or gambling. Match fixing is seen as one of the biggest problems in organized sports. This page is a list of match fixing incidents.


  • 2009: On May 6, a federal grand jury in Detroit indicted six former University of Toledo athletes—three each from the school's football and basketball programs—on charges of conspiracy to commit sports bribery in relation to their alleged involvement in a point shaving scheme that ran from 2003 through 2006. It is believed to be the first major U.S. gambling case involving two sports at the same college.[1] Since then, four former Toledo athletes, including at least one not named in the original indictments, have pleaded guilty on charges related to the scheme. One of these, former Rockets running back Quinton Broussard, admitted he had deliberately fumbled during the 2005 GMAC Bowl against UTEP (a game ultimately won 45–13 by Toledo) in exchange for $500, and had been paid to provide confidential team information to one of the orchestrators of the scheme.[2]


Further information: Match fixing in association football

  • In 1964, the great British football betting scandal of the 1960s was uncovered. A betting ring organized by Jimmy Gauld and involving several Football League players had been fixing matches. The most famous incident involved three Sheffield Wednesday players, including two England international players, who were subsequently banned from football for life and imprisoned after it was discovered they had bet against their team winning in a match against Ipswich Town. A similar scandal had occurred in 1915.
  • 1980 Italian football scandal ("Totonero"): In May 1980, the largest match fixing scandal in the history of Italian football was uncovered by Italian Guardia di Finanza, after the spalling of two Roman shopkeepers, Alvaro Trinca and Massimo Cruciani, who declared that some Italian football players sold the football-matches for money; implicating, among others, AC Milan and Lazio. Teams were suspected of rigging games by selecting favorable referees, and even superstar Italian World Cup team goalkeeper Enrico Albertosi and future 1982 FIFA World Cup winner Paolo Rossi banned with betting on football games.[3] Both clubs were forcibly relegated to Serie B and Milan's president, Felice Colombo, received a life ban.[4]
  • In February 1999 a Malaysian-based betting syndicate was caught attempting to install a remote-control device to sabotage the floodlights at FA Premier League team Charlton Athletic's ground with the aid of a corrupt security officer. If the match had been abandoned after half-time, then the result and bets would have stood. Subsequent investigations showed that the gang had been responsible for previously unsuspected "floodlight failures" at West Ham'sground in November 1997, and again a month later at Crystal Palace'sground during a home match of Palace's groundsharing tenant Wimbledon.[5][6]
  • The Italian Football Federation said in October 2000 it had found eight players guilty of match-fixing. Three were from Serie A side Atalanta and the other five played for Serie B side Pistoiese. The players were Giacomo Banchelli, Cristiano Doni and Sebastiano Siviglia (all Atalanta) and Alfredo Aglietti, Massimiliano Allegri, Daniele Amerini, Gianluca Lillo and Girolamo Bizzarri (all Pistoiese). The charges related to an Italian Cup first round tie between the two sides in Bergamo on August 20, 2000 which ended 1–1. Atalanta scored at the end of the first half and Pistoiese equalised three minutes from full-time. Atalanta qualified for the second round. Snai, which organises betting on Italian football, said later it had registered suspiciously heavy betting on the result and many of the bets were for a 1–0 halftime score and a full-time score of 1–1.
  • In 2004, Portuguese Police launched the operation Apito Dourado and named several Portuguese club presidents and football personalities as suspects of match fixing, including FC Porto's chairman Pinto da Costa. Some of the wiretaps used as proof, deemed unusable in court, can now be found on YouTube.[7][8]
  • In June 2004 in South Africa, thirty-three people (including nineteen referees, club officials, a match commissioner and an official of the South African Football Association) were arrested on match-fixing charges.[9]
  • In the summer of 2004, Betfair provided evidence of race fixing to City of London Police that led to the arrest of jockeyKieren Fallon and fifteen others on race fixing charges. On 7 December 2007 the judge in the case ordered the jury to find Fallon not guilty on all charges.
  • 2005 Bundesliga scandal: In January 2005, the German Football Association (DFB) and German prosecutors launched separate probes into charges that referee Robert Hoyzer bet on and fixed several matches that he worked, including a German Cup tie. Hoyzer later admitted to the allegations; it has been reported that he was involved with Croat gambling syndicates. He also implicated other referees and players in the match fixing scheme. The first arrests in the Hoyzer investigation were made on January 28 in Berlin, and Hoyzer himself was arrested on February 12 after new evidence apparently emerged to suggest that he had been involved in fixing more matches than he had admitted to. Hoyzer has been banned for life from football by the DFB. On March 10, a second referee, Dominik Marks, was arrested after being implicated in the scheme by Hoyzer. Still later (March 24), it was reported that Hoyzer had told investigators that the gambling ring he was involved with had access to UEFA's referee assignments for international matches and Champions League and UEFA Cup fixtures several days before UEFA publicly announced them. Ultimately, Hoyzer was sentenced to serve 2 years and 5 months in prison.
  • In July 2005, ItalianSerie B champions Genoa was placed last in the division by the sporting justice, and therefore condemned to relegation in Serie C1, after it was revealed that they bribed their opponents in the final match of the season, Venezia to throw the match. His president Enrico Preziozi was banned for five years after being guilty by the sporting justice. Genoa won the match 3–2 and had apparently secured promotion to Serie A.
  • Brazilian football match-fixing scandal: In September 2005, a Brazilian magazine revealed that two football referees, Edílson Pereira de Carvalho (a member of FIFA's referee staff) and Paulo José Danelon, had accepted bribes to fix matches. Soon afterwards, sport authorities ordered the replaying of 11 matches in the country's top competition, the Campeonato Brasileiro, that had been worked by Edílson. Both referees have been banned for life from football and face possible criminal charges. Brazilian supporters have taken to shout "Edílson" at a referee who they consider to have made a bad call against their team, in a reference to the scandal.
  • 2008 The Fix: Book by Declan Hill alleges that in the 2006 World Cup, the group game between Ghana and Italy, the round-of-16 game between Ghana and Brazil, and the Italy-Ukraine quarter-final were all fixed by Asian gambling syndicates to whom the final scores were known in advance.[10] The German Football Federation (DFB) and German Football League (DFL) looked into claims made in a Der Spiegel[11] interview with Hill that two Bundesliga matches were fixed by William Bee Wah Lim a fugitive with a 2004 conviction for match-fixing.[12]
  • 2008: On October 1, it was reported that a Spanish judge who headed an investigation against Russian Mafia figures uncovered information alleging that the mobsters may have attempted to fix the 2007–08 UEFA Cupsemi-final between eventual championZenit St. Petersburg and Bayern Munich. Both clubs denied any knowledge of the alleged scheme.[13] Prosecutors in the German state of Bavaria, home to Bayern, later announced that they did not have enough evidence to justify a full investigation.[14]
  • 2008: On October 4, suspicious online betting on the game between Norwich City and Derby County led some to question the validity of the Football League match. Gamblers in Asia were said to have placed a large amount of money down during halftime, which raised concerns over the outcome.[15] The inquiry by The Football Association found no evidence that would suggest the match was fixed.[16] Derby County ended up winning the match 2–1.
  • In November 2009, German police arrested 17 people on suspicion of fixing at least 200 soccer matches in 9 countries.[17] Among the suspected games were those from the top leagues of Austria, Bosnia, Croatia, Hungary, Slovenia, and Turkey, and games from the second highest leagues of Belgium, Germany, and Switzerland. Three contests from the Champions League were under investigation, and 12 from the Europa League.
  • In June 2011, trials started for people allegedly involved in fixing Finnish football matches. One team, Tampere United was indefinitely suspended from Finnish football for accepting payments from a person known for match-fixing.[18]
  • In July 2011, As part of a major match-fixing investigation by authorities in Turkey, nearly 60 people suspected to be involved with fixing games were detained by İstanbul Police Department Organized Crime Control Bureau and then arrested by the court. The case did not come to a conclusion yet and the teams that are being accused of match-fixing are participating in the Turkish league currently.[19]
  • The Match fixing investigations of Norwegian Second Division saw Norway and Sweden arresting individuals in 2012, including players of Follo FK and Asker Fotball.[20][21]
  • Operation VETO, a Europol investigation announced in 2013 that identified 380 fixed association football matches in 15 countries.[22]
  • In 2013 Lebanese match fixing scandal 22 Lebanese footballers were involved which led to a lifetime ban for Ramez Dayoub.
  • In December 2013, six people in Britain, including Blackburn forward DJ Campbell, were arrested for allegedly fixing football games. The arrests were made by the National Crime Agency after release of a report from FederBet, a Brussels-based gambling watchdog, an organization created by the online bookmakers to watch the flow of bets across Europe.[23][24]



  • In 1951, in the CCNY point shaving scandal, District Attorney Frank Hogan indicted college basketball players for point shaving from four New York schools, including CCNY, Manhattan College, New York University and Long Island University.
  • In 1978, mobsters connected with the New York Lucchese crime family, among them Henry Hill and Jimmy Burke, organized a point shaving scheme with key members of the Boston Collegebasketball team.
  • In 1985, Tulane University (New Orleans, Louisiana) players were involved in a point shaving scheme that led to the disbandment of the program for four years.[25]
  • In 1994, a comprehensive point shaving scheme organized by campus bookmaker Benny Silman and involving players from the Arizona State Universitymen's basketball team was uncovered with the assistance of Las Vegas bookmakers, who grew suspicious over repeated large wagers being made against Arizona State.[26]
  • In April 2011, a U.S. federal grand jury in San Diego indicted a group of 10 individuals on charges of running a point shaving scheme affecting an as yet-undetermined number of college basketball games. Three of the accused have ties to the University of San Diego's men's basketball team—one was the team's all-time leader in points and assists; another was a former player; and the third was a former assistant. Games at the University of California, Riverside, where the second indicted player also played, were also mentioned as potentially being fixed.[27]
  • On 22 January 2016, ESPN Reporter Brian Windhorst, broke the news on Bomani Jones's show,[28] that the NBA team Cleveland Cavaliers players threw a game against Portland Trail Blazers in an attempt to get head coach David Blatt fired.[29]


  • At the 2012 Summer Olympics, a match result was overturned and the referee was expelled from the tournament after a very controversial decision which included a boxer winning the match despite having been knocked down five times in one round, in violation of amateur boxing regulations. Under AIBA rules, both the mandatory eight count and three knockdown rule are in effect.[30] Eleven months earlier, BBC reported on a possible bribery attempt, which could be related.[31]


  • In 1979, Somerset deliberately declared their innings in their Benson & Hedges Cup one-day match against Worcestershire closed after only one over was completed. This plan was not motivated by gambling, but was instead meant to manipulate tie-breaking rules for Somerset's benefit and assure qualification for the quarterfinals of the tournament. Although the plan was not against the letter of the rules, it was widely condemned by both media and cricket officials, and Somerset was expelled from that year's tournament in response. For more details, see Worcestershire v Somerset, 1979.
  • In 2000 the Delhi police intercepted a conversation between a blacklisted bookie and the South Africancricket captain Hansie Cronje in which they learnt that Cronje accepted money to throw matches. The South African government refused to allow any of its players to face the Indian investigation unit, which opened up a can of worms. A court of inquiry was set up and Cronje admitted to throwing matches. He was immediately banned from all cricket. He also named Saleem Malik (Pakistan), Mohammed Azharuddin and Ajay Jadeja (India). Jadeja was banned for 4 years. They too were banned from all cricket. As a kingpin, Cronje exposed the dark side of betting, however with his untimely death in 2002 most of his sources also have escaped law enforcement agencies. Two South African cricketers, Herschelle Gibbs and Nicky Boje, are also wanted by the Delhi police for their role in the match fixing saga. A few years before in 1998, Australian players Mark Waugh and Shane Warne were fined for revealing information about the 'weather' to a bookmaker.
  • The fourth Test of Pakistan'ssummer 2010 cricket tour of England was alleged to have contained several incidents of spot fixing, involving members of the Pakistan team deliberately bowling no-balls at specific points to facilitate the potential defrauding of bookmakers.[32]
  • In Indian Premier League in 2013, S. Sreesanth and 2 other players were banned for fixing in the match for incidents committed during bowling.[33]


  • In 2010, several professional Starcraft players were suspected of being involved in illegal match fixing, with two people arrested and about seven gamers investigated, with two renowned gamers, Ma Jae-Yoon and By.CrocuS were confirmed as working as a broker between the bettors and the gamers.[34]
  • In January 2015, 6 Counter-Strike: Global Offensive players and a team owner were banned due to the IBuyPower and NetcodeGuides match fixing scandal.[35][36]
  • In June 2013, a Dota 2 pro player Alexey "Solo" Berezin was caught match fixing during a match against ZRage in SLTV Star Ladder Season VI as RoX.Kis. The match had no bearing on their standings since both teams could no longer qualify for the LAN finals. Solo bet 100$ against his team and proceed to intentionally throw the game and supposedly won 322$ from it. As a result of being caught Solo received a lifetime ban from Starladder (later reduced to one year[37] and was later removed from the team[38]), a three year ban for the other players, and one year ban for the organization.[39][40]
  • In October 2014, Dota 2 Pro players Kok Yi "ddz" Liong and Fua Hsien "Lance" Wan were both found guilty of match fixing during the match against CSW on Synergy SEA as Arrow Gaming as it has been found that both their girlfriends have betted expensive quality items against their team where they proceed to intentionally throw the match. Arrow Gaming repeatedly tried to deny this but conclusive evidence eventually proves this fact and as a result, the teams have been removed from Synergy SEA and disqualified from other tournaments such as Summit 2. Both ddz and Lance were removed from the Arrow Gaming and the rest of the team disbanded one day later.[41][42]

Formula 1[edit]

Main article: Renault Formula One crash controversy

  • 2009: In September 2009, Formula 1 driver Nelson Piquet Jr. admitted to have intentionally wrecked his race-car during the 2008 Singapore Grand Prix due to team orders. It gave an advantage to his teammate Fernando Alonso who went on to win the race. Following a lawsuit by the Renault Formula 1 team against the Piquet family, a judge ruled in Piquet's favor due to overwhelming evidence against the team; fining the Renault Formula 1 team millions, lliquidating various employees, banning the team from Formula 1 for 2 years (on suspended sentence) and various key members of Renault Formula 1 team being banned for life (which was later appealed).


  • In the NASCARCup Series, the 2013 Federated Auto Parts 400 was scandalized by extensive manipulation of the race results by three teams—Michael Waltrip Racing, Penske Racing, and Front Row Motorsports—in an attempt to ensure that MWR and Penske drivers would earn places in the Chase for the Sprint Cup. When the manipulation was discovered, NASCAR imposed unprecedented penalties that knocked Martin Truex Jr., one of the intended beneficiaries, out of the Chase, and also gave Jeff Gordon, an unwitting victim of the manipulation, a 13th place in the normally 12-driver Chase.


  • On 18 January 2016, a joint Buzzfeed and BBC investigation reported alleged widespread match-fixing, which involve Northern Italian, Sicilian, and Russian betting syndicates, which included suspicious betting at major tournaments such as Wimbledon.[43]


  1. ^Fish, Mike (2009-05-06). "Six ex-players charged with conspiracy". Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  2. ^Associated Press (August 25, 2011). "Quinton Broussard pleads guilty". Retrieved August 26, 2011. 
  3. ^UEFA target betting mob, Daily Mail, 2 December 2007.
  4. ^Italian FA under emergency rule, BBC Sport, 16 May 2006.
  5. ^"Football guard 'bribed for sabotage'". BBC News. 1999-08-17. Retrieved 2010-05-12. 
  6. ^"Bad bets and blown lights". BBC News. 1999-08-20. Retrieved 2010-05-12. 
  7. ^Josep Vernet-Riera. "FC Porto: Leaked Phone Taps Proof in Major Corruption Scandal". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  8. ^"Apito Dourado: António Araújo e Augusto Duarte". YouTube. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  9. ^"Anti-sleaze probe collapses". Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  10. ^"World Cup matches fixed, says author". The Age. Melbourne. 2008-09-01. 
  11. ^SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg, Germany (1 September 2008). "Interview with Match-Fixing Investigator Declan Hill: 'I Am Sure the Game Was Manipulated'". SPIEGEL ONLINE. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  12. ^"Declan Hill "The Fix" match fixing interview". Archived from the original on January 31, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-30. 
  13. ^Reuters (2008-10-01). "Authorities to probe Zenit UEFA Cup "fix" claims". Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  14. ^"No investigation into Zenit-Bayern fix". 2008-10-12. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  15. ^FA launches match-fixing investigation into Norwich v Derby match, 16 October 2008, accessed 14 Match 2009
  16. ^Match-fixing inquiry closed by FA, 5 December 2008, accessed 14 March 2009.
  17. ^Rob Hughes & Eric Pfanner (20 November 2009). "Arrests in Europe Over Soccer Fixing Investigation". New York Times. 
  18. ^"3 Finland football rocked by match-fixing scandal". BBC News. June 10, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2011. 
  19. ^"Turkish court charges 15 more in Fenerbahce match-fixing scandal". the Guardian. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  20. ^Stein-Erik Stormoen. "Ny Asker-spiller siktet i kampfiksingssaken". VG. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  21. ^Magnus Karlsson; chefredaktör och ansvarig utgivare. "Växjöbor fast i härva med uppgjorda fotbollsmatcher". Smålandsposten. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  22. ^"Europol: investigators identify 380 fixed football matches". London: The Guardian. 4 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  23. ^Hart, Simon (9 December 2013). "DJ Campbell arrested in connection with football fixing". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 9 December 2013. 
  24. ^Lawton, Jerry (11 December 2013). "'Five top British footie games were rigged' claim match-fixing investigators". Daily Star. Liverpool, England. 
  25. ^Vangilder, Lenny. "A Sad Anniversary: 25 Years Since Tulane Basketball's Point Shaving Scandal". SportsNOLA. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  26. ^"Sports Illustrated: Silman gets 46 months for his part in ASU point-shaving scandal". Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  27. ^Baker, Debbi; Moran, Greg (April 11, 2011). "3 with USD ties indicted in bribery scheme". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  28. ^"Brian Windhorst, NBA". 
  29. ^"Bay Area Sports Guy – Windhorst: To spite Blatt, Cavs "boycotted" game in Portland after losing to Warriors". 
  30. ^"Olympics boxing: Japan win appeal after controversial loss". BBC. 2 August 2012. 
  31. ^"Allegations of deal to fix 2012 Olympic boxing medals". BBC. 11 September 2011. 
  32. ^"England beat Pakistan in tarnished Test to win series". BBC Sport. 29 August 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2010. 
  33. ^"Sreesanth: Former India bowler banned for life for spot-fixing". BBC. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  34. ^"StarCraft Rigging Scandal Hits e-Sports Industry". The Korea Times. 2009-05-06. Retrieved 2010-05-12. 
  35. ^"Integrity and Fair Play". Valve Corporation. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  36. ^"A Follow Up to Integrity and Fair Play". Valve Corporation. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2016. 
  37. ^"Solo's Starladder ban reduced to one year". Retrieved 2017-11-14. 
  38. ^, Freaks 4U Gaming GmbH,. "Solo out of RoX.KiS « News". Retrieved 2017-11-14. 
  39. ^, Freaks 4U Gaming GmbH,. "Update: roX.KIS issues statement « News". Retrieved 2017-11-14. 
  40. ^"roX.KIS team banned from Starladder Dota 2 tournament over allegations of betting fraud". PCGamesN. Retrieved 2017-11-14. 
  41. ^, Freaks 4U Gaming GmbH,. "Arrow involved in SEA matchfixing « News". Retrieved 2017-11-15. 
  42. ^"DDZ admits involvement in matchfixing, says evidence faked by Arrow's manager". Retrieved 2017-11-15. 
  43. ^Cox, Simon (18 January 2016). "Tennis match fixing: Evidence of suspected match-fixing revealed". BBC. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
Jan 26, 2017
  • John ClaytonESPN Senior Writer

    • Senior NFL writer and commentator
    • Joined ESPN in 1995
    • Member of the writers' wing of the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio

    Follow on Twitter

Eleven head coaches of the 31 who have won Super Bowls have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Those Hall of Fame coaches have accounted for 22 Super Bowl titles

New England Patriots coach Bill Belichick -- who's headed for the Hall of Fame eventually -- has a chance to get Super Bowl title No. 5 next Sunday in Super Bowl LI.

So where does Belichick rank among the coaches who have won Super Bowl titles? Not No. 1. I have him second -- for now. Check out my 1-31 ranking below.

A couple of notes about my ranking:

  • I'm only including coaches who have won Super Bowls, not AFL or NFL titles, though some of these coaches have won both.

  • Titles matter, but so does regular-season success.

  • How each coach impacted the sport and helped it evolve is also a big part of my ranking.

Here goes: No. 1 is ...

1. Vince Lombardi, Green Bay Packers

Overall record: 96-34-6 | Playoff record: 9-1

Super Bowl titles: I, II (also won NFL titles in 1961, 1962, 1965)

Lombardi set the standard for coaching in the NFL, winning the first and second Super Bowls. In the 1960s, the game was more about running and defense than the quarterback play, but he made everything work. He had a Hall of Fame quarterback in Bart Starr. Lombardi demanded perfection and received it.

2. Bill Belichick, New England Patriots

Overall record: 237-115 | Playoff record: 25-10

Super Bowl titles: XXXVI, XXXVIII, XXXIX, XLIX

Belichick is closing in on overtaking Lombardi as the greatest coach in NFL history. In fact, if Belichick beats the Atlanta Falcons in Super Bowl LI and captures his fifth title, I'm ready to put him No. 1. That would put his record at 5-2 in Super Bowls, and he has been to 11 conference championship games in 16 years.

3. Chuck Noll, Pittsburgh Steelers

Overall record: 193-148-1 | Playoff record: 16-8

Super Bowl titles: IX, X, XIII, XIV

The franchise didn't win before his arrival, and he established perhaps the best dynasty in NFL history. The Steel Curtain zipped through four Super Bowls in six years and featured nine Hall of Fame players. His teams were the best prepared in the league, and he coached the Steelers for 23 seasons.

4. Bill Walsh, San Francisco 49ers

Overall record: 92-59-1 | Playoff record: 10-4

Super Bowl titles: XVI, XIX, XXIII

Walsh changed the game. He established a West Coast offense that advanced the NFL from a running-oriented league in the 1970s into the start of a passing league that featured routes that were run like basketball plays. He was perhaps the smartest and most innovative coach in NFL history.

5. Don Shula, Miami Dolphins

Overall record: 328-156-6 | Playoff record: 19-17

Super Bowl titles: VII, VIII (also won NFL title in 1968 with Baltimore Colts)

Shula, the winningest coach in NFL history, won championships in Baltimore and Miami. The Dolphins were in Super Bowl contention almost every year after he left the Colts. Plus, he had the league's only Super Bowl team that went undefeated (1972), creating his annual champagne celebration.

6. Joe Gibbs, Washington Redskins

Overall record: 154-94 | Playoff record: 17-7

Super Bowl titles: XVII, XXII, XXVI

Gibbs won Super Bowl titles with three different starting quarterbacks. He also coached through a few years of labor disputes, showing that he could get teams focused in distracting times.

7. Tom Landry, Dallas Cowboys

Overall record: 250-162-6 | Playoff record: 20-16

Super Bowl titles: VI, XII

Landry, who had a stoic look -- and signature hat -- along the sidelines, established the Cowboys as America's Team. Landry produced some great defenses, making five trips to the Super Bowl in his 29 seasons in charge.

8. Bill Parcells, New York Giants

Overall record: 172-130-1 | Playoff record: 11-8

Super Bowl titles: XXI, XXV

Parcells' vision as a defensive coach put Lawrence Taylor in position to be one of the greatest defensive players in NFL history. Parcells always seemed to be two steps ahead of the league defensively. He was a master of challenging his players to perform at a high level. Parcells also took the Patriots to Super Bowl XXXI.

9. Jimmy Johnson, Dallas Cowboys

Overall record: 80-64 | Playoff record: 9-4

Super Bowl titles: XXVII, XXVIII

Johnson came out of college football and changed the way things were done in the NFL. He was one of the most aggressive traders in league history, and the Herschel Walker deal was one of the best ever. He knew how to put together fast, aggressive defenses. Had he not clashed with owner Jerry Jones, Johnson might have had a few more Super Bowl titles.

10. Mike Shanahan, Denver Broncos

Overall record: 170-138 | Playoff record: 8-6

Super Bowl titles: XXXII, XXXIII

In Denver, Shanahan established a creative offense that eventually helped John Elway win two Super Bowl rings that were long overdue.

11. Mike Holmgren, Green Bay Packers

Overall record: 161-111 | Playoff record: 13-11

Super Bowl titles: XXXI

Holmgren came close to winning back-to-back Super Bowls with the Packers and took the Seattle Seahawks to their first Super Bowl. Holmgren, whose 13 playoff wins rank sixth, and general manager Ron Wolf revived the Packers into being one of the top franchises in the league.

12. Tom Coughlin, New York Giants

Overall record: 170-150 | Playoff record: 12-7

Super Bowl titles: XLII, XLVI

Coughlin built the Jacksonville Jaguars from an expansion team into a championship contender in the AFC. But his greatest success was taking over the Giants and winning two Super Bowls.

13. John Madden, Oakland Raiders

Overall record: 103-32-7 | Playoff record: 9-7

Super Bowl titles: XI

Madden waited way too long to get into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, but look at his incredible record and how well he kept the Raiders as a Super Bowl contender. He's second in regular-season winning percentage (.759). His only problem was the Steelers, who were tough to beat in the 1970s.

14. Hank Stram, Kansas City Chiefs

Overall record: 131-97-10 | Playoff record: 5-3

Super Bowl titles: IV (also won AFL titles in 1962, 1966)

Stram was creative and dynamic along the sidelines, and he put together great Chiefs teams that were at the top of the American Football League. Kansas City was able to compete and succeed against NFL teams when the AFL merged with the NFL.

15. Tom Flores, Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders

Overall record: 97-87 | Playoff record: 8-3

Super Bowl titles: XV, XVIII

Hopefully, Flores will soon wear a long-overdue gold jacket and get into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Flores had a lot of characters on his Raiders teams, but he was able to deal with them and give Al Davis two Super Bowl rings.

16. George Seifert, San Francisco 49ers

Overall record: 114-62 | Playoff record: 10-5

Super Bowl titles: XXIV, XXIX

Seifert didn't have the flash and style of his former boss, Bill Walsh, but his defensive mind and keen direction kept the 49ers at the top of the league to complete one of the greatest dynasties in NFL history.

17. Tony Dungy, Indianapolis Colts

Overall record: 139-69 | Playoff record: 9-10

Super Bowl titles: XLI

In Tampa Bay, Dungy established a historically great defense with Warren Sapp, Derrick Brooks and John Lynch. In Indianapolis, he won a Super Bowl with Peyton Manning and could have had more rings if not for Belichick, Tom Brady and the Patriots.

18. Pete Carroll, Seattle Seahawks

Overall record: 103-72-1| Playoff record: 10-7

Super Bowl titles: XLVIII

Carroll could make a big jump over the next couple of years if he's able to get the Seahawks back to the Super Bowl. He has been to five straight divisional rounds of the playoffs and was close to winning back-to-back Super Bowls.

19. Bill Cowher, Pittsburgh Steelers

Overall record: 149-90-1 | Playoff record: 12-9

Super Bowl titles: XL

The Rooneys, who own the Steelers, don't like change because change can only take away from the franchise's winning formula. Since 1969, Noll, Cowher and Mike Tomlin have been the only Steelers head coaches, and all they have done is win games and get into the playoffs. Cowher maintained a physical toughness on the team that befit the town and the franchise's history, and he took Pittsburgh to two Super Bowls.

20. Dick Vermeil, St. Louis Rams

Overall record: 120-109 | Playoff record: 6-5

Super Bowl titles: XXXIV

Vermeil gave everything and more to get the Philadelphia Eagles to a Super Bowl in 1980. Vermeil took off 15 years from coaching beginning after the 1982 season, only to return to lead one of the most exciting offensive teams in football with the St. Louis Rams' "Greatest Show on Turf." He left the Rams after their championship, then came back to coach the Chiefs for a few more years.

21. Mike McCarthy, Green Bay Packers

Overall record: 114-61-1 | Playoff record: 10-8

Super Bowl titles: XLV

During the Packers' 4-6 start this season, McCarthy had to defend his ability to coach, which was ridiculous. He has been able to get the Packers to the playoffs for eight straight seasons. He's this low because he has only one Super Bowl appearance with Aaron Rodgers as his quarterback.

22. Mike Tomlin, Pittsburgh Steelers

Overall record: 103-57 | Playoff record: 8-6

Super Bowl titles: XLIII

Former Steelers quarterback Terry Bradshaw called Tomlin a "cheerleader," neglecting to mention that Tomlin has made the Steelers an annual playoff contender -- with two Super Bowl appearances -- and one of the top teams in the AFC for more than a decade.

23. Jon Gruden, Tampa Bay Buccaneers

Overall record: 95-81 | Playoff record: 5-4

Super Bowl titles: XXXVII

Gruden built the Raiders into a contender and had them on the verge of going to the Super Bowl. Then Al Davis traded him -- yes, traded him -- to Tampa Bay, where he beat the Raiders in the Super Bowl with a great defense and Brad Johnson as his quarterback.

24. Mike Ditka, Chicago Bears

Overall record: 121-95 | Playoff record: 6-6

Super Bowl titles: XX

No coach fit the personality of his team and city better than Ditka. The no-nonsense Hall of Fame tight end created a friendly environment for one of the most colorful teams in Super Bowl history. When many from the '80s hear someone called "Coach," the first person they think about is Ditka. His three years in New Orleans did not go well, however.

25. Sean Payton, New Orleans Saints

Overall record: 94-66 | Playoff record: 6-4

Super Bowl titles: XLIV

Payton's aggressive playcalling and decision-making handed Drew Brees a Super Bowl ring. To do so, the Saints had to beat Brett Favre in the NFC Championship Game and Peyton Manning in the Super Bowl -- not easy assignments. Peyton and the Saints haven't been back to the playoffs since he was suspended for the 2012 season.

26. John Harbaugh, Baltimore Ravens

Overall record: 85-59 | Playoff record: 10-5

Super Bowl titles: XLVII

Harbaugh was the perfect coach to work with general manager Ozzie Newsome. Newsome gets the players, and Harbaugh develops them. The only thing keeping down the Ravens on this list is playing in a tough AFC North. Harbaugh beat his brother, Jim, to get his Super Bowl ring.

27. Brian Billick, Baltimore Ravens

Overall record: 80-64 | Playoff record: 5-3

Super Bowl titles: XXXV

Billick studied offensive numbers. The former Minnesota Vikings offensive coordinator came to Baltimore with a great offensive game plan, then won a Super Bowl with one of the greatest defenses in NFL history.

28. Gary Kubiak, Denver Broncos

Overall record: 82-75| Playoff record: 5-2

Super Bowl titles: 50

Kubiak was the perfect hire for Broncos general manager John Elway in 2015. After losing Super Bowl XLVIII to the Seahawks, Elway put together a historically great defense with the help of free agency and needed his former backup quarterback and friend to get enough out of an offense that was led by 39-year-old Peyton Manning. Kubiak got Elway another Super Bowl ring.

29. Weeb Ewbank, New York Jets

Overall record: 130-129-7 | Playoff record: 4-1

Super Bowl titles: III (also won NFL titles in 1958, 1959 with Baltimore Colts)

Ewbanks' claim to fame was pulling off one of the biggest, most important wins in NFL history, when Joe Namath and the Jets pulled off the upset over Johnny Unitas and the Colts in Super Bowl III. Ewbanks made the playoffs only twice in 11 seasons in New York.

30. Don McCafferty, Baltimore Colts

Overall record: 28-17-2 | Playoff record: 4-1

Super Bowl titles: V

McCafferty had a tough act to follow, replacing Shula in 1970 after he went to the Dolphins. Shula left McCafferty a lot of talent, including Unitas at quarterback, and the Colts went to two conference championship games and a Super Bowl in his first two seasons as coach. McCafferty was fired after a 1-4 start in his third season, however.

31. Barry Switzer, Dallas Cowboys

Overall record: 40-24 | Playoff record: 5-2

Super Bowl titles: XXX

Switzer kept things together on the end of the Cowboys' great Super Bowl run, but this was the team Jimmy Johnson put together, and it could have been the top dynasty in NFL history.

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