Essay About Okonkwo In Things Fall Apart

Things Fall Apart: Okonkwo Character Analysis Essay

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In the novel Things Fall Apart, strength and pride are very important aspects of the main character, Okonkwo, however, these traits may sound like excellent traits to possess but because of the way he was raised, Okonkwo harbours many of his emotions under an outer shell of violence, strength and pride.

His traits can be shown by looking at where he has come from in his life, for example, Okonkwo has acquired a large amount of wealth in his life because of his hard work and dedication which he also puts towards his family, unfortunately, his family also suffers greatly because of this due to Okonkwo’s high expectations of his children and his violent ways when they do not live up to them. Secondly, Okonkwo possesses hidden emotions that are similar to his father’s but he lives in denial that he is anything like his father but he is more like him than he thinks.

Lastly, Okonkwo is driven by what his father is not because Okonkwo doesn’t want to be anything like his father which causes him to make rash decisions occasionally that could make him carelessly become violent. In this essay, Okonkwo’s character will be carefully analyzed and his multiple layers of personality will become clearer. Okonkwo has been through very many hardships in his life including being treated poorly by his father who he views as an anti-role model in a way which has heavily influenced the way he is now and how he treats himself and his tribe mates.

Firstly, his constant desire to be as distant from his father as possible has created the fear of being like him or polluting his life with laziness and irresponsibility which lets him focus his time on his tribe mates and family. Secondly, Okonkwo has identified the way his father raised him and he is constantly trying to raise his family differently but occasionally lets fear get the best of him and he starts to act violent.

Lastly, Okonkwo’s decision to take in Ikemefuna and keep him in his family shows how he is accepting of others and is willing to accept another child, something his father probably would not have done. Okonkwo’s father clearly had a strong influence on his life and the decisions Okonkwo makes show his differences from his father. Okonkwo’s harbouring of his sentimental emotions is a crucial part of his personality which makes him the way he is, for example, Okonkwo hates music ecause of the emotion that is required to create it, he rejects the idea of meaningful conversation because he considers it to be soft, and as he ages, he is rejecting the increasingly obvious fact that violence does not constitute inner strength. Firstly, it is revealed in the novel that Okonkwo does not like music and that he is bad at playing it which shows that he lacks the ability to express his emotions through listening to or creating music.

Furthermore, Okonkwo’s ideals of not liking conversation and considering them weak goes against the mentality of his village which believes that “conversation is regarded very highly, and proverbs are the palm-oil with which words are eaten. ” Lastly, as Okonkwo gets older, he is slowly realising that his violent ways are not truly making him a strong person but are in fact, slowly destroying him but Okonkwo refuses to accept this and continues with his violent attitude.

Okonkwo has trouble revealing his true emotions ad even though they are present, he would never express them to anyone. Okonkwo may try to act “manly” and strong when in the presence of others, but Okonkwo does possess sentimental emotions that he claims to view as weak which make up an important part of him. Firstly, when Okonkwo is told that Ezinma is dying, he becomes worried and afraid of her dying and he evens begins to search for medicines in order to help her get better and defies the gods by following Chielo to the cave of the oracle to be sure that his daughter will be ok.

Also around this time in the book, Okonkwo goes to Ekwefi and sits with her while Ezinma is taken into the cave of the oracle which shows that he cares about his wife’s feelings despite his general bitterness towards his wives. Lastly, Okonkwo’s feelings of sadness and grief when Ikemefuna dies shows that he is capable of sadness and love of his children, even ones who aren’t directly his. Okonkwo’s manly exterior does not reflect his interior emotions and the troubles he has experienced in his life definitely impact this.

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Okonkwo is a very complex character that has experienced many hardships in his life which have made him a very bitter person on the outside but still a kind hearted person on the inside. Okonkwo knows what is right and looks out for the people he cares about, however, his upbringing, his “strong” mentality, and his views on life have all distorted his personality to be much colder than how he truly is.

Author: Brandon Johnson

in Things Fall Apart

Things Fall Apart: Okonkwo Character Analysis Essay

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Okonkwo

Character Analysis

Okonkwo is a self-made, well-respected member of the Umuofia clan. Though outwardly stern and powerful, much of his life is dictated by internal fear. His greatest, overwhelming worry is that he will become like his father – lazy, unable to support his family, and cowardly. Okonkwo considers many of his father’s characteristics to be feminine. Much of Okonkwo’s behavior results from a reactionary desire to be completely unlike his father. This means that Okonkwo attempts to work hard, provide for his family materially, be brave, and be masculine in every possible way. As a result, Okonkwo’s becomes successful in many ways – he becomes very wealthy, holds a high-ranked position in the community, has three wives, and is known for his skill as a wrestler and warrior. But he also tends toward emotions that are extreme, and his fear motivates him to take actions which are often unnecessary and ultimately destructive. His fear of being feminine leads him to assist in the murder of Ikemefuna whom he loved, to beat his wives, be emotionally distant from his children, and to disown his oldest son.

As an uncompromising man’s man, Okonkwo’s relationship towards his family is one of complete dictatorship. His three wives are there to serve him his food and raise his children. By seeing them as his subjects, Okonkwo can justify his brutal behavior against them. He can beat his wives without guilt. He can threaten Ekwefi with a gun when she talks back. He can rebuke Nwoye for listening to old wives’ tales. This sense of ownership is exemplified when Okonkwo takes Ikemefuna’s life. Though he does have qualms about killing Ikemefuna, they are not qualms about whether or not he has the right to do it. Okonkwo feels complete ownership over his family.



There is, however, the problem of love and intimacy. Okonkwo rarely shows these aspects of himself since he considers emotion soft and feminine – but the emotions are there nonetheless. The fact that he lies to Ikemefuna to protect the boy from fear and later feels guilty about killing him are proof of that Okonkwo isn’t devoid of positive human emotions. But, whenever there is a clash between showing true emotion and maintaining the show of his strength, Okonkwo will always go with the latter.

This doesn't mean that Okonkwo never admits he is wrong; more than anything, Okonkwo tries to follow the laws of the clan. Whenever he breaks them – either deliberately through a loss of temper or inadvertently as in shooting the boy – he never questions the punishments brought upon him. Okonkwo abides by his punishment whether or not he thinks they are fair. This is one way of maintaining his honor and reputation. He reads the laws literally, unlike his father who bent the rules and tried to circumvent certain aspects of the law.

Thus we come to one of the central conflicts in the novel: the divide between Okonkwo’s personal pride and the actions forced on him by the external social laws of the Umuofia. His final act of suicide is the ultimate demonstration of things falling apart because it is the first and only time that Okonkwo purposefully and calculatedly breaks the clan laws. As a character, Okonkwo remains pretty consistent throughout the book. We see no sudden changes in behavior or mindset; in fact, that may be Okonkwo’s problem – his inability to adapt or compromise his ethics to changing situations that call for more tolerance or compassion. Okonkwo, whose sense of pride and dignity continues until the end, chooses to live and die on his own terms rather than submit to the white man. For Okonkwo, giving in would be against so much of what he has stood for – courage, tradition, and manliness.

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