Ōhtheresǣdehishlāforde, Ӕlfredecyninge, þӕtheealraNorðmonnanorþmestbūde. [« trans] ( Ohthere said to his lord, King Alfred, that of all the Northmen he dwelt farthest north. ) HēcwӕðþӕthēbūdeonþǣmlandenorþweardumwiþþāWestsǣ. [« trans] ( He said that he lived in the land northwards beside the West Sea. ) Hēsǣdeþēahþӕtþӕtlandsīeswiþelangnorþþonan; acitisealwēste, būtononfēawumstōwumstyccemǣlumwīciaðFinnas, onhuntoðeonwintra, ond onsumera, onfiscaðebeþǣresǣ. [« trans] ( He said though that the land is very long north from there; but it is all waste land, except in a few places here and there Fins live, on hunting in winter, and in summer on fishing along the sea. ) Hēsǣdeþӕthēætsummecirrewoldefandianhūlo̧ngeþӕtlandnorþryhtelǣge, oþþehwӕðerӕnigmonbenorðanþǣmwēstennebūde. [« trans] ( He said that he wished to discover on some occassion how long the land lay due north, and whether any man lived due north of the wilderness. ) Þāfōrhēnorþryhtebeþǣmlande: lēthimealnewegþӕtwēstelandonðӕtstēorbord, ondþāwīdsǣonðӕtbӕcbord, þrīedagas. [« trans] ( Then he went due north along the land: all the way he allowed the waste land to remain on the starboard, and the open sea on the larboard for three days. ) Þāwӕshēswāfeornorþswāþāhwӕlhuntanfirrestfaraþ. [« trans] ( Then he was as far north as the whale hunters farthest travelled. ) Þāfōrhēþāgīetnorþryhteswāfeorswāhēmeahteonþǣmōþrum þrīmdagumgesiglan. [« trans] ( Then he went further north as far as he might yet sail in the next three days. ) Þābēagþӕtlandþǣrēastryhte, oþþesēosǣinonþӕtland, hēnyssehwӕðer, būtanhēwisseþӕthēþǣrbādwestanwindesandhwōnnorþan, ondgesigldeþāeastbelandeswāswāhēmeahteonfēowerdagumgesiglan. [« trans] ( Then the land turned eastwards there, or the sea into the land, he did not know which, but he he knew that he waited for west winds there and somewhat from the north, and then [he] sailed eastwards along land as [far] as he might sail in four days . ) Þāsceoldehēðǣrbīdanryhtnorþanwindes, forðǣm þӕtlandbēagþǣrsūþryhte, oþþesēosǣinonðӕtland, hēnyssehwӕþer. [« trans] ( Then he had to wait there for direct north winds, because the land turned southwards there, or the sea into the land, he did not know which. ) Þāsigldehēþonansūðryhtebelandeswāswāhēmeahteonfīfdagumgesiglan. [« trans] ( Then he sailed from there southwards along the land as [far] as he might in five days sailing. ) Ðālӕgþǣrānmicelēaupinonþӕtland. [« trans] ( Then there flowed a great river up into the land. ) Þācirdonhīeupinonðāēa, forðǣmhīenedorstonforþbīþǣreēasiglanforunfriþe; forðǣmðӕtlandwӕseall gebūnonoþrehealfeþǣreēas. [« trans] ( Then they turned up into the river, because they did not dare to sail forth along [past] the river due to hostility; because the land was completely cultivated on the other side of the river. ) Nemēttehēǣrnāngebūnland, siþþanhēframhisāgnumhāmfōr; achimwӕsealnewegwēstelandonþӕtstēorbord, būtanfiscerumondfugelerumondhuntum, ondþӕtwǣroneallFinnas; ondhimwӕsāwīdsǣonþӕtbӕcbord. [« trans] ( He had not previously encountered any cultivated land, since he departed from his own home; moreover for him [it] was all wasteland on the starboard, except for fishermen and fowlers and hunters, and they were all Finns; and for him [it] was always wide open sea on the larboard. ) ÞāBeormashӕfdonswīþewelgebūdhiraland: achīenedorstonþǣroncuman. [« trans] ( The Permians had cultivated their land very well: but they did not dare to enter into there. ) AcþāraTerfinnalandwӕsealwēste, būtonðǣrhuntangewīcodon, oþþefisceras, oþþefugeleras. [« trans] ( But the Terfins land was all desert, except where hunters dwelt, or fishermen, or fowlers. )
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Voyages and Travels
Refer to the Australian Explorers page for information and ebooks relating to Australian land and sea exploration and travels. Be sure to check out the links to other exploration and travel sites, at bottom of that page.
Refer to the Australian Explorers Journals page for ebooks of first hand accounts of Australian land and sea exploration.
Where the books listed below contain links, the links are to works held at Project Gutenberg or Project Gutenberg Australia, unless otherwise specified.
Voyages and Travels by Author.
|Jacob ABBOTT (1803-1879)||Marco Paul's Voyages and Travels; Vermont|
|Roald AMUNDSEN||The South Pole; an account of the Norwegian antarctic expedition in the 'Fram'||1910-1912|
|C. C. (Christopher Columbus) ANDREWS (1829-1922)||Minnesota and Dacotah||1856||Letters descriptive of a tour through the northwest in the autumn of 1856|
|Roy Chapman ANDREWS and Yvette Borup ANDREWS||Camps and Trails in China A Narrative of Exploration, Adventure, and Sport in Little-Known China|
|Henry Walter BATES (1825-1892)||The Naturalist on the River Amazons||1848||Narrative of his Brazil expedition with A.R. Wallace who was later famous for evolution theory.|
|Thomas BELT (1832-1878)||The Naturalist in Nicaragua|
|John BENWELL||An Englishman's Travels in America: His Observations of Life and Manners in the Free and Slave States|
|Richard Boyle BERNARD||A tour through some parts of France, Switzerland, Savoy, Germany and Belgium|
|Matilda BETHAM-EDWARDS (1836-1919)||In the Heart of the Vosges and Other Sketches by a "Devious Traveller"|
|Walter BIGGES (?-1586)||Drake's Great Armada|
|Hiram BINGHAM (1875-1956)||Inca Land Explorations in the Highlands of Peru|
| Isabella Lucy BIRD (1831-1904)||Among the Tibetans|
|Isabella Lucy BIRD (1831-1904)||The Golden Chersonese and The Way Thither||1879-1880|
|Isabella Lucy BIRD (1831-1904)||The Hawaiian Archipelago|
|Isabella Lucy BIRD (1831-1904)||A Lady's Life in the Rocky Mountains|
|Isabella Lucy BIRD (1831-1904)||Unbeaten Tracks in Japan||"Scottish lady in Wellington boots, first female member of the RGS (Royal Geographical Society), narrates her journey in an exotic land in 1878 when foreigners were rare"--Jim Henderson|
|Isabella Lucy BIRD (1831-1904)||The Englishwoman in America|
|Julius C BIRGE (1837-1902)||The Awakening of the Desert||1866-67||Birge was the first European born in Wisconsin, USA. In 1866 he took part in a wagon train to to the Pacific Coast.|
|Nathaniel Holmes BISHOP (1837-1902)||Voyage of the Paper Canoe; a journey of 2500 miles, from Quebec to the Gulf of Mexico||1874-1875|
|Nathaniel Holmes BISHOP (1837-1902)||Four Months in a Sneak-Box|| Boat voyage of 2600 miles down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and along the Gulf of Mexico.|
|William BLIGH||A Voyage to the South Sea...for the Purpose of conveying the Bread-fruit Tree to the West Indies...in His Majesty's Ship the Bounty|
|Annie Allnut BRASSEY||A Voyage in the 'Sunbeam': Our Home on the Ocean for Eleven Months|
|Noah BROOKS (1830-1903)||First Across the Continent--The Story of the Exploring Expedition of Lewis and Clark||1804-1806|
|William Cullen BRYANT (1794-1878)||Letters of a Traveller: Notes of Things Seen in Europe and America|
|John Lewis BURCKHARDT (1784-1817)||Travels in Arabia; comprehending an account of those territories in Hedjaz which the Mohammedans regard as sacred||1814|
|John Lewis BURCKHARDT (1784-1817)||Travels in Syria and the Holy Land|
|John BUFFA||Travels through the Empire of Morocco||1806|
|Sir Richard Francis BURTON (1821-1890)||First Footsteps in East Africa; or an Exploration of Harar|
|Sir Richard Francis BURTON (1821-1890)||Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to Al-Madinah & MeccahVolume 1Volume 2|
|Sir Richard Francis BURTON (1821-1890)||To the Coast for GoldVol. 1|
|Sir Richard Francis BURTON (1821-1890)||The Land of Midian Volume 1Volume 2||1877-1878|
|Sir Richard Francis BURTON (1821-1890)||Two Trips to Gorilla Land and the Cataracts of the Congo Volume 1Volume 2|
|W F BUTLER||The Great Lone Land: A Narrative of Travel and Adventure in the North-West of America|
|Julius CAESAR (100 BC-44 BC)||"De Bello Gallico" and Other Commentaries|
|Samuel de CHAMPLAIN (1567-1635)||Voyages of Samuel de Champlain--Vol. 1--Vol. 2--Vol. 3|
|Apsley CHERRY-GARRARD (1886-1959)||The Worst Journey in the World, Antarctic 1910-1913||1910-1913||This volume is a narrative of Scott's Last Expedition from its departure from England in 1910 to its return to New Zealand in 1913.|
|Ellen CLACY||A Lady's Visit to the Gold Diggings of Australia||1852-1853|
|Henry John COKE (1827-1916)||Tracks of a Rolling Stone|
|James COOK||A Voyage Towards the South Pole and Round the World Volume IVolume II|
|Alexander CORREARD and|
J B Henry SAVIGNY
|Narrative of a Voyage to Senegal in 1816 (Account of the Shipwreck of the Medusa)||1816||Undertaken by Order of the French Government, Comprising an Account of the Shipwreck of the Medusa...to Which Are Subjoined Observations Respecting the Agriculture of the Western Coast of Africa, from Cape Blanco to the Mouth of the Gambia.|
|Stephen CRISP (1628-1692)||A Short History of a Long Travel from Babylon to Bethel|
|Newton H. (Newton Henry) CRITTENDEN (1840-1925)||Official Report of the Exploration of the Queen Charlotte Islands for the Government of British Columbia|
|Richard Henry DANA||Two Years Before the Mast|
|Charles DARWIN||The Voyage of the Beagle|
|Lady Lucie DUFF GORDON (1821-1869)||Letters from the Cape||1861||In 1861, Lady Duff Gordon, a wealthy Englishwoman, sailed to the Cape in an attempt to regain her health. This book contains her letters home. A vivid picture of the people of the Cape shines through her gossipy letters. Slavery had recently been abolished and Lady Duff often comes across poignant examples of the tragic legacy it had left. In wanting to experience the full culture of the Cape Lady Duff leads the reader through many events that to her middle-class European eyes were wonders from another world. There is her observation of a Muslim funeral, her deliberate socialising with Muslims (who were wildly held to be poisoning the Christians), the visit to the missionary-school. All are seen through her sharp eyes and social charm. Whilst not a typical travel book (there's little description of the land itself) the book brings to life a bygone time and the people of that age.|
|Lord DUFFERIN (1826-1902)||Letters from High Latitudes||1856||Being an account of a voyage of the schooner yacht "Foam" to Iceland, Jan Meyen, and Spitzbergen, by the Marquess of Dufferin, sometime Governor-General of the Dominion of Canada and afterwards Viceroy of India.|
|George Bethune ENGLISH||A Narrative of the Expedition to Dongola and Sennaar||1820||Under the Command of His Excellence Ismael Pasha, undertaken by Order of His Highness Mehemmed Ali Pasha, Viceroy of Egypt, by an American in the Service of the Viceroy.|
|FA-HSIEN, ca. 337-ca. 422||A Record of Buddhistic kingdoms||An account by the Chinese monk Fa-hsien of travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist books of discipline.|
|Henry FIELDING (1707-1754)||Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon||1754|
|Gabriel FRANCHERE (1786-1863)||Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coast of America in the years 1811, 1812, 1813, and 1814, or the First American Settlement on the Pacific||1811-1814|
|Harry Alverson FRANCK (1881-1962)||Tramping Through Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras --Being the Random Notes of an Incurable Vagabond|
|Sir John FRANKLIN||The Journey to the Polar Sea|
| Brevet Col. J.C. FREMONT (1813-1890)||The Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains, Oregon and California, To which is Added a Description of the Physical Geography of California, with Recent Notices of the Gold Region from the Latest and Most Authentic Sources|
|Major W. E. FRYE||After Waterloo: Reminiscences of European Travel||1815-1819|
|Francis GALTON (1822-1911)||The Art of Travel: Shifts and Contrivances Available in Wild Countries|
|GLANVILLE, Ernest (1855-1925)||In Search of the Okapi: A Story of Adventure in Central Africa|
|William GRIFFITH||Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and the Neighbouring Countries|
|Richard HAKLUYT (1552?-1616)||The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation.||Collected by Richard Hakluyt, Preacher and Edited by Edmund Goldsmidt, F.R.H.S. See below for full details and links to the volumes making up this collection.|
|Richard HAKLUYT (1552?-1616)||Voyager's Tales, from the Collections of Richard Hakluyt|
|Richard HAKLUYT (1552?-1616)||Voyages in Search of the North-west Passage|
|Richard HAKLUYT (1552?-1616)||The Discovery of Muscovy, etc. (Russia)|
|Edward HAYES (fl. 1580)||Sir Humphrey Gilbert's Voyage to Newfoundland|
|Archibald HENDERSON (1877-1963)||The Conquest of the Old Southwest; the romantic story of the early pioneers into Virginia, the Carolinas, Tennessee, and Kentucky, 1740-1790|
|HERODOTUS||An Account of Egypt (Translated by G. C. Macaulay)|
|Paul HENTZNER (1558-1623) and Sir Robert NAUNTON (1563-1635)||Travels in England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and Fragmenta regalia; or, Observations on Queen Elizabeth, her times and favourites||1600|
|Robert Smythe HICHENS (1864-1950)||The Spell of Egypt|
|James HOLMAN (1786-1857)||A Voyage Round the World--Volume I||1827-1832||Including Travels in Africa, Asia, Australasia, America, etc., etc.|
|J D HOOKER (1817-1911)||Himalayan Journals, or Notes of a Naturalist||1847-1851||In Bengal, the Sikkim and Nepal Himalayas, the Khasia Mountains, etc.|
|Mina Benson HUBBARD (1872-1903)||Woman's Way Through Unknown Labrador||c. 1903|
|W H HUDSON (1841-1922)||Idle Days in Patagonia|
|Robert HUISH (1777-1850)||Lander's Travels. The Travels of Richard Lander into the Interior of Africa|
|Alexander von HUMBOLDT||Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America Volume 1Volume 2Volume 3||1799-1804|
|Washington IRVING (1783-1859)||The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus (Volume II)|
|Samuel JOHNSON (1709-1784)||Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland||1773|
|KENNAN, George, (1845-1924)||Tent Life in Siberia|
|Robert KERR||A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels||See below for full details and links to the 18 volumes making up this collection.|
|Mary H KINGSLEY (1862-1900)||Travels in West Africa (Congo Français, Corisco and Cameroons)|
|Rudyard KIPLING (1865-1936)||Letters of Travel||1892-1913|
|Andrew KIPPIS (1725-1795)||Narrative of the Voyages Round the World, Performed by Captain James Cook : with an Account of His Life During the Previous and Intervening Periods|
|William Henry KNIGHT||Diary of a Pedestrian in Cashmere and Thibet||1860|
|KNOX, Thomas Wallace||Overland through Asia; Pictures of Siberian, Chinese, and Tartar Life||1871|
|KOHLMEISTER, Benjamin (1785?-1874)||Journal of a Voyage from Okkak, on the Coast of Labrador, to Ungava Bay, Westward of Cape Chudleigh, Undertaken to Explore the Coast, and Visit the Esquimaux in that Unknown Region|
|John LAWSON (-1712)||A New Voyage to Carolina, containing the exact description and natural history of that country; together with the present state thereof; and a journal of a thousand miles, travel'd thro' several nations of Indians; giving a particular account of their customs, manners, etc.|
|Meriwether LEWIS (1774-1809) and William CLARK (1770-1838)||The Journals of Lewis and Clark||1804-1806||In the USA.|
|David LIVINGSTONE (1813-1873)||Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa|
|David LIVINGSTONE (1813-1873)||A Popular Account of Dr. Livingstone's Expedition to the Zambesi and its tributaries And of the Discovery of Lakes Shirwa and Nyassa||1858-1864|
|Jeronimo LOBO (1596-1678)||A Voyage to Abyssinia|
|Jack LONDON||The Cruise of the Snark|
|Carl LUMHOLTZ (1851-1922)||Through Central Borneo||1913-1917||An Account of Two Years' Travel in the Land of Head-Hunters Between the Years 1913 and 1917|
|John MacGREGOR (1825-1892)||A Thousand Miles in the Rob Roy Canoe on Rivers and Lakes of Europe from Eldritch Press|
|Sir John MANDEVILLE (1300-1399?)||The Travels of Sir John Mandeville|
|Sir Douglas MAWSON||The Home of the Blizzard|
|Karl Philipp MORITZ (1757-1793)||Travels in England in 1782||1782|
|Joseph Ernest MORRIS||Beautiful Europe: Belgium|
|G E ("Chinese") MORRISON||An Australian in China|
|John MUIR (1838-1914)||Steep Trails|
|John MUIR (1838-1914)||Travels in Alaska|
|J. A. (Joseph Amasa) MUNK (1847-1927)||Arizona Sketches|
|Philip NICHOLS||Sir Francis Drake Revived|
|Frederick O'BRIEN (1869-1932)||White Shadows in the South Seas|
|Frederick O'BRIEN (1869-1932)||Mystic Isles of the South Seas|
|Mungo PARK (1771-1806)||The Journal of a Mission to the Interior of Africa, in the Year 1805||1805|
|Mungo PARK (1771-1806)||Life and Travels of Mungo Park in Central Africa|
|Mungo PARK (1771-1806)||Travels in the Interior of Africa Volume 1Volume 2|
|Francis PARKMAN (1823-1893)||The Oregon Trail: sketches of prairie and Rocky-Mountain life|
|J. H. (John Henry) PATTERSON (1867-1947)||The Man-Eaters of Tsavo and Other East African Adventures|
| Ida PFEIFFER (1797-1858)||A Visit to Iceland|
|Ida PFEIFFER (1797-1858)||A Visit to the Holy Land, Egypt, and Italy|
|Ida PFEIFFER (1797-1858)||A Woman's Journey Round the World|
|John PINKERTON||Early Australian Voyages|
|Marco POLO||The Travels of Marco PoloVolume 1Volume 2|
|Francis PRETTY||Sir Francis Drake's Famous Voyage Round the World|
|William PRIEST||Travels in the United States of America, with the Author's Journals of his Two Voyages Across the Atlantic.||1793-1797|
|Sir Walter RALEIGH (1554-1618)||The Discovery of Guiana||c.1600|
|G. Whitfield RAY||Through Five Republics on Horseback, Being an Account of Many Wanderings in South America|
|James RICHARDSON (1806-1851)||Narrative of a Mission to Central Africa Performed in the Years 1850-51, Volume 1|
|James RICHARDSON (1806-1851)||Travels in MoroccoVolume 1Volume 2|
|Theodore ROOSEVELT||Through the Brazilian Wilderness|
|Sir Ernest SCOTT||Laperouse|
|Ernest Thompson SETON (1860-1946)||The Arctic Prairies : a Canoe-Journey of 2,000 Miles in Search of the Caribou; Being the Account of a Voyage to the Region North of Aylemer Lake|
|Ernest SHACKLETON||South: The Story of Shackleton's Last Expedition 1914-1917|
|Tobias George SMOLLETT (1721-1771)||Travels through France and Italy|
|John Hanning SPEKE (1827-1864)||The Discovery of the Source of the Nile|
|John Hanning SPEKE (1827-1864)||What led to the Discovery of the Source of the Nile|
|Henry Morton STANLEY (1841-1904)||How I Found Livingstone; travels, adventures, and discoveres in Central Africa, including an account of four months' residence with Dr. Livingstone|
|Thomas STEVENS||Around the World on a Bicycle - Volume I. From San Francisco to Teheran|
|Thomas STEVENS||Around the World on a Bicycle Volume II. From Teheran To Yokohama|
|Robert Louis STEVENSON (1850-1894)||Essays of Travel|
|Robert Louis STEVENSON (1850-1894)||Travels with a Donkey in the Cevennes|
|Martha SUMMERHAYES||Vanished Arizona|
|Watkin TENCH (1759-1833)||A Narrative of the Expedition to Botany-Bay|
|William Makepeace THACKERAY (1811-1863)||From Cornhill to Grand Cairo||1844|
|Henry David THOREAU (1817-1862)||A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers|
|Anthony TROLLOPE (1815-1882)||North America Volume 1Volume 2||1861|
|Fanny (Frances) TROLLOPE (1779-1863)||Domestic Manners of the Americans|
|Charles TURLEY||The Voyages of Captain Scott|
|Mark TWAIN (1835-1910)||Life on the Mississippi|
|Mark TWAIN (1835-1910)||Following the Equator|
|Cabeza de VACA||Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America (1542)--available from Eldritch Press||1542|
|H. Wilfrid WALKER||Wanderings among South Sea Savages and in Borneo and the Philippines||Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. Based on his private letters, assembled and edited without the slightest pretence of being "scientific".|
|Alfred Russel WALLACE (1823-1913)||The Malay Archipelago, the land of the orang-utan and the bird of paradise; a narrative of travel, with studies of man and natureVolume 1Volume 2|
|WARD, John||With the "Die-Hards" in Siberia||1920|
|Charles Dudley WARNER (1829-1900)||Baddeck, and That Sort of Thing||Two comrades and travelers, who sought a better country than the United States in the month of August, found themselves one evening in apparent possession of the ancient town of Boston|
|Charles Dudley WARNER (1829-1900)||In the Wilderness||Contents: How I killed a bear--Lost in the woods--A fight with a trout--A-hunting of the deer--A character study (Old Phelps)--Camping out--A wilderness romance--What some people call pleasure.|
|Charles Dudley WARNER (1829-1900)||On Horseback||Some of the Etext Editor's favorite passages:|
Anxious to reach it, we were glad to leave it
Establishment had the air of taking care of itself
It is not much use to try to run a jail without liquor
Married? No, she hoped not
Monument of procrastination
Not much inclination to change his clothes or his cabin
One has to dodge this sort of question
What a price to pay for mere life!
|Charles WATERTON (1782-1865)||Wanderings in South America||1812-1824|
|E. W. (Edward William) WATKIN (1819-1901)||Canada and the States|
|Edith WHARTON||In Morocco|
|Stewart Edward WHITE (1873-1946)||The Land of Footprints||c. 1913||Set in Africa.|
|Mary WOLLSTONECRAFT (1759-1797)||Letters on Sweden, Norway, and Denmark||1785||Letters written by the mother of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley.|
|XENOPHON (431 BC-350? BC)||Anabasis||A Greek army's trip into Persia and|
Robert KERR (1755-1813)A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Arranged in Systematic Order: Forming a Complete History of the Origin and Progress of Navigation, Discovery, and Commerce, by Sea and Land, from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time. This remarkable work, comprising 18 volumes, was published from 1811 to 1824. A General Plan of the Work (taken from Volume 01) is set out below, after the Contents of the Individual Volumes which includes links to the individual volumes at Project Gutenberg in the United States).
CONTENTS OF THE INDIVIDUAL VOLUMES (taken from Volume 18).
Discovery of Iceland by the Norwegians.
Voyages of Ohthere to the White Sea and the Baltic.
Remarks on the situation of Sciringe-heal and Haethum, by J.R. Forster.
Voyage of Wulfstein in the Baltic.
---- of Sighelm to India.
Travels of John Erigena to Athens.
Geography of the known world as described by King Alfred.
Travels of Andrew Leucander.
Voyage of Swanus to Jerusalem.
---- of three ambassadors from England to Constantinople.
Pilgrimage of Alured to Jerusalem.
---- of Ingulphus.
Original discovery of Greenland by the Icelanders in the ninth century.
Early discovery of America by ditto, in 1001.
Travels of two Mahometans into India and China, in the ninth century.
---- of Rabbi Benjamin from Spain to China, in the twelfth century.
---- of an Englishman in Tartary, in 1243.
Sketch of the Revolutions in Tartary.
Travels of Carpina to the Moguls, etc. in 1246.
---- of Rubruquis into Tartary about 1253.
---- of Haitho, in 1254.
---- of Marco Polo into China, etc. from 1260 to 1295.
---- of Oderic, in 1318.
---- of Sir John Mandeville, in 1322.
Itinerary of Pegoletti between Asofand China, in 1355.
Voyages, of Nicolo and Antonio Zeno, in 1380.
Travels of Schiltberger into Tartary, in 1394.
---- of the Ambassadors of Shah Rokh, in China, in 1419.
Voyage and Shipwreck of Quirini, in 1431.
Travels of Josaphat Barbaro from Venice to Tanna (now Asof), in 1436.
Various early pilgrimages from England to the Holy Land, between 1097 and 1107.
Discovery of Madeira.
Discovery and conquest of the Canary Islands.
Discoveries along the coast of Africa; and conquests in India, from 1412 to 1505.
Summary of the discoveries of the world, from their commencement to 1555, by Antonio Galvano.
Journey of Contarini into Persia, in 1473-6.
Voyages of discovery by the Portuguese along the western coast of Africa, during the life of Don Henry.
Original journals of the Voyages of Cada Mosto, and Pedro de Cintra, to the coast of Africa, from 1455.
Voyages of discovery by the Portuguese along the coast of Africa, from the death of Don Henry, in 1463, to the discovery of the Cape of Good Hope in 1486.
History of the discovery and conquest of India by the Portuguese, between 1497 and 1505, by Herman Lopes de Castanecla.
Letters from Lisbon in the beginning of the 16th century, respecting the discovery of the route by sea to India, &c.
History of the discovery of America, and of some of the early conquests in the New World.
Discovery of America, by Columbus, written by his son Don Ferdinand Columbus.
---- written by Antonio de Herrera.
An account of the Voyages of Americus Vespucius to the New World, written by himself.
Discoveries and settlements of the Spaniards in the West Indies, from the death of Columbus, to the expedition of Hernando Cortes against Mexico.
History of the discovery and conquest of Mexico, written in 1568, by Captain Bernal Diaz del Castillo, one of the conquerors.
History of the discovery and conquest of Peru, written by Augustus Zarate.
Continuation of the history of Peru, extracted from the Commentaries of Garcilosso de la Vega.
History of the discovery and conquest of Chili, taken from various sources.
Discovery of Florida, and ineffectual attempts to conquer that country by the Spaniards,--from the General History of America, by Herrera.
Early English Voyages of discovery to America.
Voyages of Jacques Cartier, from St. Maloes to Newfoundland and Canada, in 1534-5.
Continuation of the discoveries and conquests of the Portuguese in the East; with some account of the early Voyages of other European nations to India.
Discoveries, &c. &c. from 1505 to 1539.
A particular relation of the expedition of Solyman Pacha, from Suez to
India, against the Portuguese; written by a Venetian officer in the Turkish service on that occasion.
Account of the Voyage of Don Stefano de Gama, from Goa to Suez, in 1540; written by Don Juan de Castro.
Continuation of the account of the Portuguese transactions in India, from 1541 to the middle of the 17th century; from De Faria's Asia.
Voyages and Travels in Egypt, Syria, Arabia, Persia, and India, by Ludovico Verthema, in 1503-8.
---- in India, &c. by Cesar Frederic, in 1563-81.
Second Voyage to Barbary, in 1552, by Captain Thomas Windham.
Voyages to Guinea and Benin, in 1553, by Captain Windham and Antonio Anes Pinteado.
---- in 1554, by Captain John Lok.
---- in 1555, by William Towerson, merchant, of London.
Second Voyage to Guinea, in 1556, by William Towerson, merchant, of London.
Third, in 1558.
Instructions for an intended Voyage to Guinea, in 1561.
Voyage to Guinea, in 1562; written by William Rutter.
Supplementary account of the foregoing Voyage.
Voyage to Guinea, in 1563, by Robert Baker.
---- in 1564, by Captain David Carlet.
---- and to the Cape de Verd Islands, in 1566, by George Fenner.
Account of the embassy of Mr. Edmund Hogan to Morocco, in 1577; by himself.
Account of the embassy of Mr. Henry Roberts from Queen Elizabeth to Morocco, in 1585; by himself.
Voyage to Benin, beyond Guinea, in 1588, by James Welsh.
Supplement to the foregoing.
Second Voyage of ditto in 1590.
Voyage of Richard Rainolds and Thomas Dassel to the Senegal and Gambia, in 1591.
Some miscellaneous early Voyages of the English.
Voyage to Goa, in 1579, in the Portuguese fleet, by Thomas Stevens.
Journey over-land to India, by Ralph Fitch.
Supplement to ditto.
Voyage of Mr. John Eldred to Tripoli, and thence by land and river to Bagdat and Basorah, in 1583.
Account of the Monsoons in India, by William Barret.
First Voyage of the English to India in 1591, by Captain Geo. Raymond and James Lancaster.
Supplement to ditto, by John May.
Voyage of Captain Benj. Wood towards the East Indies, in 1596.
---- of Captain John Davis to the East Indies, in 1598.
---- of William Adams to Japan, in 1598.
---- of Sir Edward Michelburne to India, in 1604.
First Voyage of the English East India Company in 1601, under Captain James Lancaster.
Account of Java and of the English at Bantam, from 1603 to 1605.
Second Voyage of the Company, in 1604, under Captain Henry Middleton.
Third Voyage of the Company, in 1607, under Captain William Keeling.
Narrative by William Hawkins during his residence in the dominions of the Great Mogul.
Observations of William Finch, who accompanied Hawkins.
Voyage of Captain David Middleton, in 1607, to Bantam and the Moluccas.
Fourth Voyage of the Company, in 1608, under Captain Alexander Sharpey.
Voyage of Captain Richard Rowles.
Fifth Voyage of the Company, in 1609, under Captain David Middleton.
Sixth Voyage of the Company, in 1610, under Sir Henry Middleton.
Journal of the same, by Nicholas Downton.
Seventh Voyage of the Company, in 1611, under Captain Anthony Hippou.
Notices of the same, by Peter Floris.
Eighth Voyage of the Company, in 1611, under Captain John Saris.
Ninth Voyage of the Company, in 1612, under Captain Edward Marlow.
Tenth Voyage of the Company, in 1612, by Mr. Thomas Best.
Observations made on the foregoing by different persons.
Eleventh Voyage of the Company, in 1612, in the Salomon.
Twelfth Voyage of the Company, in 1613, under Captain Christopher Newport.
Voyage of Captain Downton to India, in 1614.
Supplement to ditto.
Journey of Richard Steel and John Crowther, from Agimere to Ispahan, in 1615-16.
Voyage of Captain Peyton to India, in 1615.
Proceedings of the factory at Cranganore, by Roger Hawes.
Journal of Sir Thomas Roe, ambassador from James I. to the Emperor of Hindoostan.
Voyage to India, in 1616, by Mr. Edward Terry.
Journey of Thomas Coryat from Jerusalem to the Court of the Great Mogul.
Wrongs done the English at Banda by the Dutch, in 1617-18.
Fifth Voyage of the Joint-Stock by the Company, in 1617, under Captain Pring.
Voyage of the Ann-Royal from Surat to Mokha, in 1618.
Voyage to Surat and Jasques, in 1620.
War of Ormus, and capture of that place by the English and Persians, in 1622.
Massacre of the English at Amboyna, in 1623.
Observations during a residence in the island of Chusan, in 1701, by Dr. James Cunningham.
Historical account of early circumnavigations;
of Magellan, in 1519-22.
of Sir Francis Drake, in 1577-80.
of Sir Thomas Cnmlish, in 1586-8.
of Van Noort, in 1598-1601.
of George Spilbergen, in 1614-17.
of Schouten and Le Maire, by Cape Horn, in 1615-17.
of the Nassau fleet under Jacques Le Hermit, in 1623-6.
of Captain John Cooke, accompanied by Captains Cowley and Dampier, in 1683-91.
in 1703-6, by William Funnell.
in 1708-11, by Captain Woods Rogers and Stephen Courtney.
in 1719-22, by Captain John Clipperton.
in 1719-22, by Captain George Shelvocke.
Voyage round the world, in 1721-3, by Commodore Roggewein.
---- in 1740-4, by Lord Anson. ('Anson's Voyage')
Commodore Byron's Voyage, in 1764-6.
Captain Wallis's Voyage, in 1766-8.
Captain Carteret's Voyage, in 1766-9.
Captain Cook's first Voyage, in 1768-70.
Captain Cook's first Voyage continued and concluded..
Abstract of Bougainville's Voyage, in 1766-9.
Captain Cook's second Voyage towards the S. Pole, in 1772-5.
Captain Cook's second Voyage concluded.
Captain Cook's third Voyage, in 1776-80.
Captain Cook's third Voyage continued.
Captain Cook's third Voyage concluded.
Commodore Byron's narrative of his shipwreck, &c.; written by himself.
Bulkeley's narrative of the same.
Volume 18 (written by William Stevenson)
Summary, Index, Contents of volumes (as above)
GENERAL PLAN OF THE WORK (taken from Volume 01)
Voyages and Travels of Discovery in the middle ages; from the era of Alfred, King of England, in the ninth century to that of Don Henry of Portugal at the commencement of the fourteenth century
General Voyages and Travels chiefly of Discovery; from the era of Don Henry, in 1412, to that of George III. in 1760.
Particular Voyages and Travels arranged in systematic order, Geographical and Chronological.
Note.--This part will be divided into five books, comprehending, I. Europe.--II. Asia.--III. Africa.--IV. America.--V. Australia and Polynesia; or the prodigious multitude of islands in the, great: Pacific Ocean. And all these will be further subdivided into particular chapters or sections correspondent to the geographical arrangements of these several portions of the globe.
General Voyages and Travels of Discovery during the era of George III. which were conducted upon scientific principles, and by which the Geography of the globe has been nearly perfected.
Historical Deduction of the Progress of Navigation Discovery and Commerce by sea and land, from the earliest times to the present period.
In the deliberate construction of this systematic plan, it has been a leading object of anxious consideration, to reduce the extensive and interesting materials of which the work is composed under a clear, intelligible, and comprehensive arrangement, so combined in a geographical and chronological series, that each successive division and subdivision, throughout the whole work, may prepare the mind of the reader for that which is to follow, and may assist the memory in the recollection of what has gone before. By these means, an attentive perusal of this work must necessarily be of material usefulness, in fixing distinct and just ideas of geography, history, and chronology in the minds of its readers; besides the important information and rational amusement which it will afford, by the frequent description of manners, customs, laws, governments, and many other circumstances, of all the countries and nations of the world.
In determining upon an era for the commencement of this work, the Editor was naturally led, from a consideration of the accidental discovery of Iceland by the Norwegians in the ninth century, as coincident with the reign of the great ALFRED, who ascended the throne of England in 872, to adopt that period as the beginning of the series, both because the commencement of modern maritime discovery took place during the reign of a British sovereign, and because we derive the earliest written accounts of any of these discoveries from the pen of that excellent prince. It is true that the first accidental discovery of Iceland appears to have been made in 861, eleven years before the accession of Alfred to the throne; yet, as the actual colonization of that island did not take place till the year 878, the seventh of his glorious reign, we have been induced to distinguish the actual commencement of maritime discovery by the modern European nations as coinciding with his era.
From that time, till the year 1412, when Don Henry, Prince of Portugal, first began to prosecute a consecutive series of maritime discoveries along the western coast of Africa, during which a long inactive period of 551 years had elapsed, the only maritime incident connected with our subject, was the accidental re-discovery of the Canary or Fortunate Islands, by a nameless Frenchman, about the year 1330, though they were not attempted to be taken possession of till 1400. This long interval, between the eras of King Alfred and Don Henry, constitutes the Part, or grand division of our work, in the course of which, a considerable number of adventurous travellers penetrated into the almost unknown regions of Tartary and the East, and considerable notices of the empire of China, and even of Japan, and of the coast and islands of India and north-eastern Africa, were communicated to the Europeans by the Polos and others.
In separating Part IV. from Part II. the General Voyages and Travels of Discovery which have been undertaken during the long and busy reign of our present venerable Sovereign, from those of a similar nature which succeeded the discovery of the new world, and of the route by sea to India, the Editor only pays a just tribute to the enlightened spirit of the age, under the munificent and enlightened patronage of the beloved Monarch of a free and happy people. Those former voyages of Part II. were mostly undertaken from mere interested views of direct or expected commercial benefit; while these of the era of George III. originated in the grand principles of endeavouring to extend the bounds of science and human happiness.
Perhaps it may occur to some readers, that PART V. the last in order of the general heads of our plan, ought to have formed PART I. as partaking of the nature of an introduction to the subject, and forming a summary of the whole work. Upon even a very slight consideration, however, it must be obvious, that it is impossible
to compose that proposed deduction in any adequate manner, until the whole mass of selected materials is possessed by the Editor, and definitively arranged. It may likewise be known to many, that introductions and prefaces, though usually placed at the beginning of books, are uniformly and necessarily last composed, and usually last printed, except in new editions.
A great variety of Collections of Voyages and Travels have been published at different periods, many of which are inaccessible from their scarcity, or from being in foreign languages: And such great numbers of Voyages and Travels to particular regions and countries have been printed, as to be Altogether unattainable by the generality of readers. Every thing, however, which could contribute to the perfection of this work has been collected, or will be carefully procured during its progress; and no pains or expense shall be withheld which, can contribute to render it as complete and comprehensive as possible. In the employment of the vast variety and extent of excellent materials, great care shall be taken to insert every useful and curious information, reduced, where necessary, to modern language; and nothing shall be omitted which is conducive to valuable information and rational amusement.
In our approach towards the present times, the multitude of particular Voyages and Travels increases prodigiously; and, in employing these, it becomes peculiarly necessary to make a selection of the best in every period, and especially of those best adapted for conveying just ideas of each geographical division and subdivision of the world; while those of less merit, but which contain useful notices of the regions and countries of which they treat, shall be carefully epitomized in illustration of the different subjects. Without the employment of discriminate selection and occasional abridgement, this work must have extended to an inconvenient and consequently expensive size, or must have been left unfinished and abrupt in some of its parts: But abridgement shall be very seldom employed and never without acknowledgment</i>. Indeed, the grand object of the present work is to bring together a more complete and entire collection of Voyages and Travels, than has hitherto appeared in any language.
From the nature of the plan, it is utterly impossible to ascertain, with any precision, the exact length to which it may extend; but, so far as can be judged of at present, it is not expected to exceed eighteen or twenty volumes. Throughout the whole work, a series of Maps and Charts will be inserted in their proper places, carefully selected and constructed for the purpose of illustrating the various Voyages and Travels. At the close of the whole, a complete Index will be given to the entire series of volumes, so arranged as to form a regular Gazetteerof the whole world. In every article which has been adopted into this work, the original and accessory sources of all the materials shall be distinctly indicated. Notes of explanation will be given, wherever necessary; and, as many of these are drawn from various sources, the names of the authors from whom they are adopted shall always be acknowledged: Such notes as are marked by the letter E. are by the Editor of the work.
Owing to the indispensable nature of this work, it makes no positive claim to the character of an original composition, in the strict acceptation of that term; and he, therefore, who has undertaken the care of its collection and arrangement, assumes no higher title than that of <i>Editor</i>. In the discharge of that duty, however, the labour which he has necessarily bestowed, though always pleasing, has often been considerable, and sometimes arduous; and he trusts that the plan of the work, which is altogether original, will be found appropriately adapted to the end in view, and that the execution may appear not inadequate to the high importance of the subject. Without imputation of arrogance, he may be permitted to assert, that he has exerted the most unremitting attention and industry, in the collection,
selection, and preparation of the several portions of the whole work, and in the arrangement and distribution of its parts. He has the satisfaction to add, that all his efforts have been seconded with the utmost readiness and liberality by the Proprietorof the work, who has spared no trouble, and withheld no expense, in procuring and supplying the necessary materials.
It is with much grateful satisfaction, that the Editor has to acknowledge his high obligations to the Curators and Librarians of the Edinburgh public libraries, belonging to the Faculty of Advocates, the University, and the Writers to his Majesty's Signet, for the communication of many valuable and scarce materials. Nor ought he to withhold his tribute of gratitude, on this occasion, from the liberal spirit of a private individual, the Reverend Henry White of Lichfield, who has most obligingly offered the use of his valuable Collection of Voyages and Travels, and other curious and scarce works connected with the subject, for assisting towards the perfection of this publication.
Having thus briefly announced the nature, plan, and object of the present work, of which this <i>first</i> Volume is now before the public, it only remains to say, that the Editor and Proprietor, each in his particular department, are resolved to exert their utmost endeavours, that nothing may be omitted which can contribute to render the work deserving of public approbation and extensive patronage.
RICHARD HAKLUYT.The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation. Collected by Richard Hakluyt, Preacher and Edited by Edmund Goldsmidt, F.R.H.S.
Volume 1 Northern Europe.
Volume 2 North-eastern Europe, and adjacent countries.
Volume 3 North-eastern Europe, and adjacent countries.
Volume 4 North-eastern Europe, and adjacent countries.
Volume 5 Central and Southern Europe.
Volume 6 Madiera, the Canaries, Ancient Asia, Africa, etc.
Volume 7 England's Naval Exploits against Spain.
Volume 8 Asia, Part 1.
Volume 9 Asia, Part 2.
Volume 10 Asia, Part 3.
Volume 11 Africa.
Volume 12 America, Part 1.
Volume 13 America, Part 2.
Volume 14 America, Part 3.
Volume 15 America, Part 4. In progress at the Distributed Proofreaders site
Volume 16 Circumnavigations, etc. In progress at the Distributed Proofreaders site
EDITORS PREFACE TO THE SET
"This elaborate and excellent Collection, which redounds as much to the glory of the English Nation as any book that ever was published, has already had sufficient complaints made in its behalf against our suffering it to become so scarce and obscure, by neglecting to republish it in a fair impression, with proper illustrations and especially an Index. But there may still be room left for a favourable construction of such neglect, and the hope that nothing but the casual scarcity of a work so long since out of print may have prevented its falling into those able hands that might, by such an edition, have rewarded the eminent Examples preserved therein, the Collector thereof and themselves according to their deserts."
Thus wrote Oldys (The British Librarian, No III, March, 1737, page 137), nearly 150. years ago, and what has been done to remove this, reproach? The work has become so rare that even a reckless expenditure of money cannot procure a copy [Footnote: Mr. Quantch, the eminent Bibliopole, is now asking £42 for a copy of the 1598-1600 edition.]
It has indeed long been felt that a handy edition of the celebrated "Collection of the Early Voyages, Travels and Discoveries of the English Nation," published by Richard Hakluyt 1598, 1599, 1600, was one of the greatest desiderata of all interested in History, Travel, or Adventure. The labour and cost involved have however hitherto deterred publishers from attempting to meet the want except in the case of the very limited reprint of 1809-12. [Footnote: Of this edition 250 copies were printed on royal paper, and 75 copies on imperial paper.] As regards the labour involved, the following brief summary of the contents of the Second Edition will give the reader some idea of its extent. I refer those who desire a complete analysis to Oldys.
Volume I. (1598) deals with Voyages to the North and North East, and contains One hundred and nine separate narratives, from Arthur's Expedition to Norway in 517 to the celebrated Expedition to Cadiz, in the reign of good Queen Bess. Amongst the chief voyages may be mentioned: Edgar's voyage round Britain in 973; an account of the Knights of Jerusalem; Cabot's voyages; Chancellor's voyages to Russia; Elizabeth's Embassies, to Russia, Persia, &c.; the Destruction of the Armada; &c., &c.
Volume II. (1599) treats of Voyages to the South and South East, beginning with that of the Empress Helena to Jerusalem in 337. The chief narratives are those of Edward the Confessor's Embassy to Constantinople; The History of the English Guard in that City; Richard Coeur de Lion's travels; Anthony Beck's voyage to Tartary in 1330; The English in Algiers and Tunis (1400); Solyman's Conquest of Rhodes; Foxe's narrative of his captivity; Voyages to India, China, Guinea, the Canaries; the account of the Levant Company; and the travels of Raleigh, Frobisher, Grenville, &c. It contains One hundred and sixty-five separate pieces.
Volume III. (1600) has Two hundred and forty-three different narratives, commencing with the fabulous Discovery of the West Indies in 1170, by Madoc, Prince of Wales. It contains the voyages of Columbus; of Cabot and his Sons; of Davis, Smith, Frobisher, Drake, Hawkins; the Discoveries of Newfoundland, Virginia, Florida, the Antilles, &c.; Raleigh's voyages to Guiana; Drake's great Voyage; travels in South America, China, Japan, and all countries in the West; an account of the Empire of El Dorado, &c.
The three volumes of the Second Edition therefore together contain Five hundred and seventeen separate narratives. When to this we add those narratives included in the First Edition, but omitted in the Second, all the voyages printed by Hakluyt or at his suggestion, such as "Divers Voyages touching the Discoverie of America," "The Conquest of Terra Florida," "The Historie of the West Indies," &c., &c., and many of the publications of the Hakluyt Society, some idea may be formed of the magnitude of the undertaking. I trust the notes and illustrations I have appended may prove useful to students and ordinary readers; I can assure any who may be disposed to cavil at their brevity that many a _line_ has cost me hours of research. In conclusion, a short account of the previous editions of Hakluyt's Voyages may be found useful.
The First Edition (London: G. Bishop and R. Newberie) 1589, was in one volume folio. It contains, besides the Dedication to Sir Francis Walsingham (see page 3), a preface (see page 9), tables and index, 825 pages of matter. The map referred to in the preface was one which Hakluyt substituted for the one engraved by Molyneux, which was not ready in time and which was used for the Second Edition.
The Second Edition (London, G. Bishop, R. Newberie, and R, Barker), 1598, 1599, 1600, folio, 3 vols. in 2, is the basis of our present edition. The celebrated voyage to Cadiz (pages 607-19 of first volume) is wanting in many copies. It was suppressed by order of Elizabeth, on the disgrace of the Earl of Essex. The first volume sometimes bears the date of 1598. Prefixed is an Epistle Dedicatorie, a preface, complimentary verses, &c. (twelve leaves). It contains 619 pages. Volume II. has eight leaves of prefatory matter, 312 pages for Part I., and 204 pages for Part II. For Volume III. there are also eight leaves for title, dedication, &c., and 868 pages.
The Third Edition (London, printed by G. Woodfall), 1809-12, royal 410, 5 vols., is an excellent reprint of the two early editions. It is very scarce, a poor copy fetching £17 to £18. Since this edition, there has been no reprint of the Collection.
I have taken upon myself to alter the order of the different voyages. I have grouped together those voyages which relate to the same parts of the globe, instead of adopting the somewhat haphazard arrangement of the original edition. This, and the indices I have added to each volume, will, I hope, greatly assist the student. The maps, with the exception of the facsimile ones, are modern; on them I have traced the presumed course of the journey or journeys they refer to. The illustrations I have taken from a variety of sources, which are always indicated.
EDINBURGH, _August 23rd_, 1884.
Updated 22 Feb 2014